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## Algebra: Polynomials Test-3

Congratulations - you have completed Algebra: Polynomials Test-3. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. You correct answer percentage: %%PERCENTAGE%% . Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
 Question 1
If for non-zero, $\displaystyle x,{{x}^{2}}-4x-1=0,\,\,\,the\,\,\,value\,\,\,of\,\,\,{{x}^{2}}+\frac{1}{{{x}^{2}}}$
 A 4 B 10 C 12 D 18
Question 1 Explanation:
$\displaystyle \begin{array}{l}{{x}^{2}}+\frac{1}{{{x}^{2}}}={{\left( x-\frac{1}{x} \right)}^{2}}+2\\={{\left( \frac{{{x}^{2}}-1}{x} \right)}^{2}}+2\\=16+2=18\end{array}$
 Question 2
$\displaystyle If\,\,\,x=3+\sqrt{8},\,\,\,then\,\,{{x}^{2}}+\frac{1}{{{x}^{2}}}\,\,\,is\,\,\,equal\,\,to$
 A 38 B 36 C 34 D 30
Question 2 Explanation:
$\displaystyle \begin{array}{l}{{x}^{2}}+\frac{1}{{{x}^{2}}}={{\left( x+\frac{1}{x} \right)}^{2}}-2\\x=3+\sqrt{8}\\\frac{1}{x}=\frac{1}{3+\sqrt{8}}=\frac{\left( 3-\sqrt{8} \right)}{\left( 3+\sqrt{8} \right)\left( 3-\sqrt{8} \right)}=3-\sqrt{8}\\{{\left( x+\frac{1}{x} \right)}^{2}}-2={{\left( 3+\sqrt{8}+3-\sqrt{8} \right)}^{2}}-2=36-2=34\end{array}$
 Question 3
$\displaystyle If\,\,\,a+\frac{1}{b}=1\,\,\,and\,\,\,b+\frac{1}{c}=1,\,\,\,then\,\,\,c+\frac{1}{a}\,\,is\,\,\,equal\,\,\,to$
 A 0 B $\displaystyle \frac{1}{2}$ C 1 D 2
Question 3 Explanation:
$\displaystyle \begin{array}{l}a+\frac{1}{b}=1\Rightarrow a=1-\frac{1}{b}=\frac{b-1}{b}\\\Rightarrow \frac{1}{a}=\frac{b}{b-1}\,\,and\,\,\\b+\frac{1}{c}=1\Rightarrow \frac{1}{c}=1-b\Rightarrow c=\frac{1}{1-b}\\Therefore\,\,\,c+\frac{1}{a}=\frac{b}{b-1}+\frac{1}{1-b}=1\end{array}$
 Question 4
$\displaystyle If\,\,\,{{x}^{2}}-3x+1=0,\,\,then\,\,\,the\,\,\,value\,\,\,of\,\,\,x+\frac{1}{x}\,\,is$
 A 0 B 1 C 2 D 3
Question 4 Explanation:
$x+\frac{1}{x}=\frac{{{x}^{2}}+1}{x}=\frac{3x}{x}=3$
 Question 5
$\displaystyle If\,\,x=\sqrt{3}+\sqrt{2},\,\,then\,\,the\,\,value\,\,of\,\,\,\left( {{x}^{3}}+\frac{1}{{{x}^{3}}} \right)\,\,is$
 A $\displaystyle 6\sqrt{3}$ B $\displaystyle 12\sqrt{3}$ C $\displaystyle 18\sqrt{3}$ D $\displaystyle 24\sqrt{3}$
Question 5 Explanation:
$\displaystyle \begin{array}{l}x+\frac{1}{x}=\sqrt{3}+\sqrt{2}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}+\sqrt{2}}\\=\sqrt{3}+\sqrt{2}\,+\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}+\sqrt{2}}\times \frac{\sqrt{3}-\sqrt{2}}{\sqrt{3}-\sqrt{2}}\\=2\sqrt{3}\\Now\,\,we\,\,have\,\,{{\left( x+\frac{1}{x} \right)}^{3}}={{x}^{3}}+\frac{1}{{{x}^{3}}}+3.x\times \frac{1}{x}\times \left( x+\frac{1}{x} \right)\\{{x}^{3}}+\frac{1}{{{x}^{3}}}={{\left( 2\sqrt{3} \right)}^{3}}-3\left( 2\sqrt{3} \right)=18\sqrt{3}\\\\\,\end{array}$
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