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Definition & Meaning: Arterio Word Root

The root word arterio originates from the Greek word arteria, referring to an artery or windpipe. This root word is primarily used in medical terminology, highlighting its significance in describing conditions and procedures related to arteries. For instance, the term arteritis breaks down into arteria (artery) and -itis (inflammation), meaning inflammation of the artery walls. Similarly, an arteriogram is an X-ray representation of an artery. Words with the root arteria are predominantly used in biological and medical contexts.

Arterio root word diagram featuring arterial, arteriosclerosis, and arteriogram.

Words Based on the Arterio Word Root

Commonly Used Words Based on the Arterio Word Root

  • Arterial: Relating to an artery or a group of arteries.
  • Arteriosclerosis: A condition where artery walls are thickened and hardened.
  • Arteriole: Small branches of arteries that end in capillaries.
  • Arteriogram: The X-ray of an artery or vein injected with a dye to check for obstruction.

Archaic Words Based on the Arterio Word Root

  • Arteriolith: Calcareous depositions along the artery walls.

Technical Words/Jargon Based on the Arterio Word Root

  • Arterialization: The process of providing oxygen to the lungs to convert venous blood to arterial blood.
  • Arteriography: A medical imaging method used to view the inside of veins or arteries.
  • Arteriotomy: The surgical incision into an artery.
  • Arteriectomy: The surgical removal of an artery.
  • Arteriectasis: The abnormal dilation of an artery.
  • Arteriarctia: The narrowing of arteries or blood vessels.
  • Arteriometer: An instrument used to measure the diameter of arteries or veins.
  • Arteriopathy: Any disease related to arteries.
  • Arteriology: The scientific study of arteries.
  • Arterioplasty: The surgical reconstruction of an artery.
  • Periarterial: Relating to the tissues surrounding the arteries.

Related Word Roots

1. Angio-

Meaning: Relating to blood vessels.

  • Angioplasty: The surgical repair or unblocking of a blood vessel.
  • Angiography: Imaging of blood vessels.
  • Angiogenesis: The development of new blood vessels.

2. Cardio-

Meaning: Relating to the heart.

  • Cardiology: The study of the heart and its functions.
  • Cardiovascular: Pertaining to the heart and blood vessels.
  • Cardiogram: A record of heart activity.

3. Vaso-

Meaning: Relating to vessels or ducts.

  • Vasoconstriction: The narrowing of blood vessels.
  • Vasodilation: The widening of blood vessels.
  • Vasectomy: The surgical cutting of the vas deferens.

We hope this exploration of the Arterio root word has been helpful in enhancing your vocabulary and understanding of related terms. Remembering the meanings and uses of these roots can greatly aid in deciphering complex medical terminology.

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