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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
Hi there. Welcome to this special section @ Wordpandit.
Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
Visit the website daily to learn words from The Hindu.

 

WORD-1: Endangered

CONTEXT: The Bench was faced with a plea by three Union Ministries — Environment, Power, and New and Renewable Energy — seeking modification of the Court’s April 2021 order that sought to protect the critically endangered Great Indian Bustard from being killed in collisions with power transmission lines put up by solar energy companies in Rajasthan and Gujarat.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine animals or plants that are very, very rare and there are not many of them left in the world. They are like your favorite toy that you can’t find in stores anymore. We say these animals or plants are “endangered” because they need help to not disappear forever.

MEANING: At risk of becoming extinct or no longer existing (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: en-DAYN-jerd

SYNONYMS: at risk, threatened, vulnerable, in danger, imperiled

USAGE EXAMPLES:
1. The panda is an endangered species that conservationists are trying to save.
2. Many animals become endangered because of loss of their habitat.
3. Laws are in place to protect endangered species from being harmed.
4. The endangered list includes both plants and animals that need our help.

Recurring Picture Vocabulary

WORD-2: Recurring

CONTEXT: addressing this gap, which takes drug availability for granted, will become harder if drug stock outs become a recurring issue.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Think about how you have a birthday every year on the same date. This is something that happens over and over again. When something like this happens many times, we call it “recurring.” It’s like watching your favorite cartoon episodes that come on TV every Saturday.

MEANING: Happening repeatedly or periodically (adjective)

PRONUNCIATION: ree-KUR-ing

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SYNONYMS: repetitive, repeated, periodic, cyclic, ongoing

USAGE EXAMPLES:
1. She had a recurring dream about flying over the city.
2. The issue with the computer is a recurring problem that we need to fix.
3. Recurring meetings are scheduled at the same time each week.
4. His recurring role on the TV show made him quite popular.

 

WORD-3: Extraneous

CONTEXT: A March 18, 2024 Health Ministry circular to all States mentions that the supply of certain drug-sensitive medicines may get “delayed due to unforeseen and extraneous circumstances”.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you are making a puzzle and you find a piece that doesn’t fit anywhere because it’s from a different puzzle. That piece is not needed and doesn’t belong; it’s “extraneous.” It’s like having a toy in your backpack that you don’t need for school.

MEANING: Not related or relevant to the current subject or situation (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: ex-TRAY-nee-us

SYNONYMS: irrelevant, unnecessary, superfluous, unimportant, unrelated

USAGE EXAMPLES:
1. Please remove all extraneous information from your report.
2. He packed his bag, making sure there were no extraneous items.
3. The teacher asked for questions but only if they weren’t extraneous to the topic.
4. Filtering out extraneous noise can help you focus better.

Reimburse Picture Vocabulary

WORD-4: Reimburse

CONTEXT: While States have been asked to procure drugs locally for a period of three months, the circular also gives an option for States to reimburse the cost of medicines procured by patients in case the district health facilities fail to provide them free drugs.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you buy a snack for your friend because they didn’t have any money, and later, your friend gives you back the money for the snack. When your friend gives you the money back, they “reimburse” you. It’s like returning something you borrowed.

MEANING: To pay back money to someone that they have spent or lost (verb).

PRONUNCIATION: ree-im-BURS

SYNONYMS: repay, refund, compensate, remunerate, indemnify

USAGE EXAMPLES:
1. The company will reimburse you for travel expenses.
2. She needs to reimburse her friend for the concert ticket.
3. Don’t worry about the cost; you’ll be fully reimbursed.
4. Keep your receipts to get reimbursed on your business trip.

 

WORD-5: Abominable

CONTEXT: If the last minute permission to States for local procurement is condemnable, leaving it to the patients to buy medicines themselves, even as a last resort, is abominable, given the poor socioeconomic background of most TB patients.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Think of a monster in stories that is really scary and not nice at all, something that makes you want to run away. When something is very bad or unpleasant, we can call it “abominable.” It’s like the nastiest, yuckiest vegetable you don’t want to eat.

MEANING: Very bad or unpleasant; causing moral revulsion (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: uh-BAH-muh-nuh-buhl

SYNONYMS: dreadful, horrible, awful, terrible, disgusting

USAGE EXAMPLES:
1. The villain in the story was abominable and feared by all.
2. He couldn’t eat the abominable meal and left it untouched.
3. The conditions in the old building were abominable.
4. They were shocked by the abominable behavior of the crowd.

Integration Picture Vocabulary

WORD-6: Integration

CONTEXT: Urban infrastructural developments have created estrangements rather than integration, based on social and class identities

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine bringing together all your different toys to play in one big game where every toy has a part to play, even though they are all from different sets. “Integration” is when we bring different things or people together so they can all work as one big team. It’s like making a big puzzle where every piece fits together perfectly.

MEANING: The process of combining parts or elements to make a whole (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: in-tuh-GRAY-shun

SYNONYMS: unification, merging, amalgamation, consolidation, incorporation

USAGE EXAMPLES:
1. The integration of new students into the school was a smooth process.
2. Technology plays a big role in the integration of different systems.
3. Her music is an integration of classical and modern styles.
4. The team worked on the integration of the two companies after the merger.

Estrangements Picture Vocabulary

WORD-7: Estrangements

CONTEXT: Urban infrastructural developments have created estrangements rather than integration, based on social and class identities

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine if you have a best friend that you play with every day, but then you both get into a big argument and stop talking. You might feel very sad and miss them because you are not close anymore. This feeling and situation when friends or family members are not talking or are very distant from each other is called “estrangements.”

MEANING: The fact of no longer being on friendly terms or part of a social group (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: es-TRAYNJ-ments

SYNONYMS: alienation, disaffection, separation, division, disunion

USAGE EXAMPLES:
1. The story explores the theme of family estrangements and reconciliation.
2. Estrangements between the two friends lasted for years before they made up.
3. The causes of their estrangements were both personal and complicated.
4. Counseling can sometimes help in overcoming estrangements.

 

WORD-8: Entangled

CONTEXT: With reference to Calcutta, in the initial years of Independence, the city was called entangled, congested, and decaying by the then State government.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Think about playing with a ball of yarn and suddenly it gets all twisted and knotted up, making it hard to pull apart. When something is twisted together in a complicated way and hard to separate, we say it’s “entangled.” It’s like when your shoelaces get tied up in knots and you have to work carefully to undo them.

MEANING: Involved in a complicated or difficult situation (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: en-TANG-guld

SYNONYMS: tangled, involved, ensnared, intertwined, enmeshed

USAGE EXAMPLES:
1. The dolphin became entangled in the fishing net.
2. They found themselves entangled in a complex legal battle.
3. Her hair got entangled in the branches as she ran through the forest.
4. It’s easy to get entangled in lies if you’re not honest from the start.

Congested Picture Vocabulary

WORD-9: Congested

CONTEXT: With reference to Calcutta, in the initial years of Independence, the city was called entangled, congested, and decaying by the then State government.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you’re trying to play on a slide, but there are so many kids trying to go down at the same time that no one can move. It’s super crowded and jam-packed. When a place is too full of people or cars and everything is stuck and not moving smoothly, we call it “congested.” It’s like when too many toys are in a box, and you can’t find the one you want.

MEANING: Overcrowded, filled or occupied to excess (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: kuhn-JES-tid

SYNONYMS: overcrowded, jammed, choked, clogged, packed

USAGE EXAMPLES:
1. The roads are congested during rush hour.
2. The hospital was congested with patients waiting to be seen.
3. Because of the parade, the city center was extremely congested.
4. The drainage system was congested with leaves, causing the water to back up.

 

WORD-10: Decaying

CONTEXT: With reference to Calcutta, in the initial years of Independence, the city was called entangled, congested, and decaying by the then State government.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine an apple that’s been left out for too long and starts to get brown spots, becomes soft, and doesn’t smell good anymore. It’s not fresh and nice to eat because it’s “decaying.” Decaying means something is breaking down or getting worse over time, like when old leaves on the ground turn into dirt.

MEANING: Rotting or decomposing through the action of bacteria and fungi (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: deh-KAY-ing

SYNONYMS: rotting, decomposing, deteriorating, putrefying, spoiling

USAGE EXAMPLES:
1. They could smell the decaying leaves in the forest.
2. The old house was in a state of decay.
3. Scientists study the process of decaying in different environments.
4. Decaying organic matter is a natural part of the ecosystem.

 

 

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