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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
Hi there. Welcome to this special section @ Wordpandit.
Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
Visit the website daily to learn words from The Hindu.

 

WORD-1: Bountiful

CONTEXT: Given that temperatures in many southern States are soaring and stoking heatwaves, the anticipation of bountiful rainfall might sound like welcome news.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine having a big basket of your favorite fruits, with so many that you can share them with everyone you know. That’s what “bountiful” means – having a lot of something good, like food or gifts.

MEANING: Having a large quantity of something good or desirable (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: BOUN-ti-ful

SYNONYMS: abundant, plentiful, generous, copious, ample, lavish, prolific

USAGE EXAMPLES:

1. The garden was filled with bountiful harvests of vegetables and fruits.
2. She received bountiful praise for her performance in the play.
3. The charity event collected a bountiful amount of donations for the homeless.
4. The bountiful feast left everyone feeling satisfied and happy.

 

WORD-2: Premised

CONTEXT: The IMD’s models forecast for this are premised on the development of a La Niña, or a converse of the El Niño (which more often than not results in a decrease in monsoon rainfall).

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: When you start telling a story, you first say what it’s all about, like “Once upon a time in a magical land.” That starting part, where you set the stage, is called the “premise.”

MEANING: The basic idea or assumption on which something is based (noun).

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PRONUNCIATION: PREM-ized

SYNONYMS: basis, foundation, grounds, hypothesis, assumption, proposition

USAGE EXAMPLES:

1. The argument was based on the premise that all people are created equal.
2. The story’s premise was about a boy who could talk to animals.
3. Her decision was premised on the belief that honesty is the best policy.
4. The entire plan rested on the premise that the weather would be favorable.

Torrential Picture Vocabulary

WORD-3: Torrential

CONTEXT: Two arid monsoon months and torrential rains in the last two may be fine for agriculture but is likely to result in extreme floods and — as has been observed in the past — immense damage to lives, livelihoods and infrastructure.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Have you seen rain pour down really hard, almost like a waterfall from the sky? That’s what “torrential” means – extremely heavy or intense, like a lot of rain coming all at once.

MEANING: Characterized by heavy and rapid rainfall or by a strong flow (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: tuh-REN-shuhl

SYNONYMS: heavy, intense, pouring, copious, abundant, relentless, overwhelming

USAGE EXAMPLES:

1. The storm brought torrential rain that flooded the streets.
2. We had to cancel the picnic due to the torrential downpour.
3. The river turned into a torrential rush during the monsoon season.
4. The roof leaked during the torrential storm, causing water damage.

Embittering Picture Vocabulary

WORD-4: Embittering

CONTEXT: a project that has caused a further embittering of relations between the central and State governments, there are persistent complaints of inadequate infrastructure, facilities, and manpower constraints.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine eating something very bitter, like a lemon without sugar. When something makes you feel bad or unhappy, just like that bitter taste, it’s called “embittering.”

MEANING: Making someone feel bitter, resentful, or unpleasant (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: em-BIT-er-ing

SYNONYMS: bitter, resentful, acrimonious, souring, disheartening, vexing, aggravating

USAGE EXAMPLES:

1. The embittering words from her friend hurt her feelings deeply.
2. Losing the match was an embittering experience for the team.
3. The embittering memories of past failures haunted him.
4. Their embittering rivalry affected the entire team’s morale.

 

WORD-5: Vigilante

CONTEXT: The conviction in this case is significant because while illegal vigilante crimes are coalitionary projects between state and non-state actors, the price paid is solely by the non-state actors.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Have you heard of superheroes who fight bad guys without any special powers? A vigilante is someone who takes the law into their own hands, trying to catch criminals without being a police officer.

MEANING: A person who takes the law into their own hands, often by force, without legal authority (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: vi-jə-LAN-tee

SYNONYMS: avenger, defender, protector, champion, crusader, self-appointed law enforcer

USAGE EXAMPLES:

1. The town had a group of vigilantes who patrolled the streets at night.
2. The movie featured a vigilante seeking justice for the victims of crime.
3. Some people believe in taking vigilante action against corruption.
4. The vigilante was arrested for taking the law into his own hands.

Cognisance Picture Vocabulary

WORD-6: Cognisance

CONTEXT: These have allowed cow vigilantes to operate freely, with the state’s sanction and the police’s cognisance.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine having a treasure map and knowing exactly where the hidden treasure is. That knowledge or awareness of something important is what “cognisance” means.

MEANING: Awareness, notice, or understanding of something; being conscious of what is happening (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: KOG-nuh-suhns

SYNONYMS: awareness, understanding, consciousness, recognition, perception, realization, comprehension

USAGE EXAMPLES:

1. She had no cognisance of the danger lurking in the dark alley.
2. The company’s CEO had full cognisance of the financial risks involved.
3. The report brought cognisance to the environmental impact of the project.
4. It’s important to have cognisance of your surroundings in unfamiliar places.

 

WORD-7: Lynchings

CONTEXT: The Uttar Pradesh court’s conviction is just the fifth one in cow protection-related lynchings in India: three others are in Jharkhand and one in Rajasthan.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Sometimes, when people get very angry, they might do something very wrong, like hurting someone without a reason. When a group of people attacks someone without following the law, it’s called “lynching.”

MEANING: Acts of killing or attacking someone illegally and without a trial by a mob (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: LIN-chings

SYNONYMS: mob violence, extrajudicial killings, lynching mob actions, vigilante justice, lynching incidents

USAGE EXAMPLES:

1. The history books documented several instances of lynchings in the past.
2. The town was shocked by the recent lynchings that occurred without warning.
3. Organizations work to prevent lynchings and promote fair trials.
4. The authorities condemned the lynchings and promised to bring the perpetrators to justice.

 

WORD-8: Grievous

CONTEXT: It states that the police created an alternative narrative of Qasim’s death and Samiuddin’s grievous injuries.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: When something bad happens, and it makes you very sad or worried, almost like a heavy weight on your heart, it’s called “grievous.”

MEANING: Causing great sorrow, pain, or suffering (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: GREE-vuhs

SYNONYMS: severe, serious, grave, tragic, distressing, lamentable, heartrending

USAGE EXAMPLES:

1. The news of her grandmother’s passing was a grievous blow to her.
2. The accident resulted in grievous injuries to the passengers.
3. His grievous mistake cost the company millions of dollars.
4. The war brought grievous losses to families across the country.

WORD-9: Aspersions

CONTEXT: The judgment also casts aspersions on the police’s intent. The police did not collect the statements of Samiuddin and other eyewitnesses.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Sometimes, people say mean things about others just to make them look bad, even if those things aren’t true. These mean and untrue remarks are called “aspersions.”

MEANING: An attack on the reputation or integrity of someone or
Something.

PRONUNCIATION: uh-SPUR-zhuhns

SYNONYMS: slurs, insults, defamation, slander, calumny, vilification, derogation

USAGE EXAMPLES:

1. She resented the aspersions cast on her character by her rivals.
2. The politician faced constant aspersions about his integrity.
3. Don’t believe the aspersions people spread about others without proof.
4. His reputation was tarnished by false aspersions from jealous colleagues.

Endeavouring Picture Vocabulary

WORD-10: Endeavouring

CONTEXT: The Hapur court’s conviction lays bare the collaboration of the police in the violence, and in endeavouring to protect the accused.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: When you try really hard to do something, like finishing a puzzle or learning a new skill, you’re “endeavouring.” It’s about putting in effort and not giving up.

MEANING: Trying hard to do or achieve something (verb).

PRONUNCIATION: en-DEV-er-ing

SYNONYMS: striving, attempting, trying, endeavoring, working, laboring, exerting

USAGE EXAMPLES:

1. She was endeavouring to improve her grades by studying every day.
2. The team was endeavouring to win the championship for the third time.
3. Despite the challenges, he kept endeavouring to achieve his dream.
4. The company is continually endeavouring to innovate and stay ahead in the market.

 

 

Vocabulary Meaning

Title: “Deep Diving into Words: Mastering ‘Vocabulary Meaning'”

In the ocean of language learning, ‘vocabulary meaning’ is akin to the colorful coral reefs that add depth and vibrancy to communication. Yet, infusing our interactions with this vibrancy is often a challenge for many language learners. The crux lies in effectively deciphering and employing the ‘vocabulary meaning’.

Learning ‘vocabulary meaning’ isn’t about merely gluing words to their definitions. It’s about forming a deep understanding and connection with these words that transcends rote learning. To gain a comprehensive grasp of ‘vocabulary meaning’, one needs to navigate beyond textbook definitions and commit to exploiting diversified resources such as novels, films, music, articles, and digital content. This allows one to encounter vocabulary in a variety of contexts and actual usage, giving deeper insight into their meaning.

However, understanding ‘vocabulary meaning’ involves another essential aspect—memory retention. Techniques such as spaced repetition and the Leitner System offer effective methodologies to maintain and consolidate the ‘vocabulary meaning’. Additionally, leveraging mnemonic strategies can help etch words into your memory by linking them with unique stories or imagery that are personal and easily recallable.

Another way of mastering ‘vocabulary meaning’ is by immersing yourself in the language. Engage in regular conversations with native speakers if possible or utilize language exchange platforms to practice your skills. This not only bolsters your understanding of how the vocabulary is used but also helps articulate the ‘vocabulary meaning’ in the societal and cultural contexts.

In conclusion, gaining a robust grasp of ‘vocabulary meaning’ is a journey rather than an end goal. It requires dedication, perseverance and most importantly, a multi-faceted approach that includes diversified resources, effective memory strategies, and real-life application. With these strategies in place, the depths of ‘vocabulary meaning’ are no longer daunting but become an enchanting exploration of language.

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