Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
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Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
Visit the website daily to learn words from The Hindu.

Word-1: Hegemony
Meaning: Leadership or dominance, especially by one country or social group over others.
Synonyms: Dominance, Supremacy, Authority, Control, Command, Ascendancy, Predominance.
Usage Examples:
1. The empire expanded its hegemony over neighbouring nations.
2. The hegemony of the tech giants is a growing concern for regulators.
3. The small country resisted the hegemony of its powerful neighbour.
4. Historically, many countries tried to establish their hegemony in different regions.

Word-2: Turmoil
Meaning: A state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.
Synonyms: Upheaval, Disorder, Disruption, Chaos, Confusion, Commotion, Tumult.
Usage Examples:
1. The country was in turmoil following the unexpected election results.
2. Economic turmoil led to widespread protests.
3. Her sudden departure left the company in turmoil.
4. The rumors caused emotional turmoil among the fans.

Word-3: Hierarchy
Meaning: A system in which members of an organization or society are ranked according to relative status or authority.
Synonyms: Pecking order, Ranking, Grading, Ordering, Ladder, Chain, Sequence.
Usage Examples:
1. There’s a strict hierarchy in the military.
2. The hierarchy in traditional societies often favored elders.
3. The corporate hierarchy can sometimes impede innovation.
4. Many religious organizations have a defined hierarchy of leadership.

Word-4: Taboo
Meaning: A social or religious custom prohibiting or restricting a particular practice or forbidding association with a particular person, place, or thing.
Synonyms: Prohibition, Ban, Forbiddance, Restriction, No-no, Interdiction, Off-limits.
Usage Examples:
1. In some cultures, discussing money openly is a taboo.
2. It was once taboo to challenge the monarch’s decisions.
3. The community considered certain foods taboo during the festival.
4. Breaking a social taboo often led to ostracization.

Word-5: Contaminate
Meaning: To make (something) impure by exposure to or addition of a poisonous or polluting substance.
Synonyms: Pollute, Taint, Defile, Adulterate, Infect, Foul, Poison.
Usage Examples:
1. Drinking water can be contaminated by harmful bacteria.
2. The factory was fined for contaminating the river.
3. A single rotten fruit can contaminate the whole batch.
4. The crime scene was contaminated by onlookers.

Word-6: Deterrence
Meaning: The act of discouraging an action or event through instilling doubt or fear of the consequences.
Synonyms: Intimidation, Discouragement, Disincentive, Dissuasion, Prevention, Restraint, Inhibition.
Usage Examples:
1. Nuclear weapons were seen as a deterrence during the Cold War.
2. Stricter penalties served as a deterrence for potential lawbreakers.
3. The high walls around the property acted as a deterrence to intruders.
4. Educational campaigns about health risks are a deterrence against smoking.

Word-7: Conjecture
Meaning: An opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information.
Synonyms: Speculation, Guesswork, Surmise, Theory, Hypothesis, Postulation, Assumption.
Usage Examples:
1. It’s just pure conjecture to assume that he left the job due to disagreements.
2. Historians can only offer conjecture about certain ancient events.
3. Without evidence, any explanation remains a conjecture.
4. Many rumors are based on mere conjecture rather than facts.

Word-8: Commensurate
Meaning: Corresponding in size or degree; in proportion.
Synonyms: Proportional, Comparable, Corresponding, Equivalent, Matching, Analogous, Coextensive.
Usage Examples:
1. Salary will be commensurate with experience.
2. The punishment should be commensurate to the crime.
3. The team’s success was commensurate with their effort.
4. The risk and reward should be commensurate in any venture.

Word-9: Calibrated
Meaning: To mark (a scale of a measuring instrument) so that readings can be made in appropriate units, or to adjust an instrument so it can give correct measurements.
Synonyms: Adjust, Set, Fine-tune, Regulate, Measure, Scale, Standardize.
Usage Examples:
1. The scientist calibrated the microscope for precise measurements.
2. The equipment was calibrated to detect even the smallest radiation levels.
3. Each year, the instruments need to be calibrated for accuracy.
4. Before the experiment began, they calibrated the pressure sensors.

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