Daily Vocabulary from ‘The Hindu’: February 1, 2024

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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
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Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
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WORD-1: Acquisitions

CONTEXT: Technology sharing memoranda of understanding and acquisitions of short-range missiles and radar equipment were concluded.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Acquisitions are like collecting different types of toys to make your collection more interesting. In the grown-up world, it means getting new companies or things to make a business or a group stronger and more diverse.

MEANING: Things that someone obtains or buys (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: uh-kwuh-zish-uhns

SYNONYMS: purchases, procurements, takeovers, additions, expansions, incorporations, mergers

1. The company’s acquisitions of smaller businesses helped it grow.
2. His acquisitions of rare stamps made his collection impressive.
3. The museum celebrated the recent acquisitions of valuable artworks.
4. The strategic acquisitions bolstered the corporation’s market presence.

WORD-2: Prolonged

CONTEXT: The government-to-government agreement for 36 Rafale aircraft, salvaged out of the prolonged negotiations for the original 126 which were at an impasse, has been concluded.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Prolonged is like when playtime lasts longer than usual because it’s so much fun. In serious situations, it means something lasting for a more extended period, like a vacation or a meeting that goes on for a long time.

MEANING: Lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual (Adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: proh-lawngd

SYNONYMS: extended, prolonged, lengthy, protracted, enduring, lasting, continued

1. The prolonged winter meant more time for skiing and snowboarding.
2. The prolonged discussions during the meeting led to a comprehensive solution.
3. Her prolonged absence from work raised concerns among her colleagues.
4. The patient’s recovery was prolonged but ultimately successful.


WORD-3: Rectitude

CONTEXT: Fiscal rectitude and conservatism have been the hallmarks of this Budget exercise.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Rectitude is like always doing what is right and fair, like sharing toys with friends and following the rules. It’s about having a strong sense of honesty and integrity.

MEANING: Moral integrity; the quality of being honest and morally correct in behavior. (noun)

PRONUNCIATION: rek-ti-tood

SYNONYMS: integrity, uprightness, righteousness, morality, honesty, decency, fairness

1. The leader’s rectitude guided the team towards ethical decision-making.
2. The teacher emphasized the importance of rectitude in academic honesty.
3. His rectitude in handling financial matters earned him trust in the community.
4. The politician’s commitment to rectitude distinguished him in public service.


WORD-4: Bolstering

CONTEXT: The FY25 Interim Budget carries forward the ethos of public capex a notch higher, thereby bolstering the government’s commitment to high quality spending.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Bolstering is like adding extra pillows to make your bed more comfortable. In a broader sense, it means strengthening or supporting something to make it more secure, like adding extra support to a plan or an idea.

MEANING: Strengthening or supporting; adding extra support to make something more secure. (verb/adjective)

PRONUNCIATION: bohl-ster-ing

SYNONYMS: reinforcing, fortifying, supporting, strengthening, enhancing, shoring up, boosting

1. The additional evidence played a crucial role in bolstering the case.
2. The manager focused on bolstering team morale through positive reinforcement.
3. Bolstering financial stability is essential for long-term business success.
4. The government implemented policies aimed at bolstering the economy.


WORD-5: Perpetuation

CONTEXT: In the absence of gainful employment opportunities, and the looming job crisis, the continued neglect of the social sector exacerbates the perpetuation of inequalities.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Perpetuation is like when a favorite story or game keeps going because everyone wants to continue playing. In a serious context, it means the act of making something continue for a very long time.

MEANING: The act of making something last or continue for an extended period. (noun)

PRONUNCIATION: per-pet-yoo-ey-shuhn

SYNONYMS: continuation, preservation, extension, perpetuating, endurance, persistence, protraction

1. The perpetuation of traditions keeps cultural heritage alive.
2. The artist’s work aimed at the perpetuation of beauty and creativity.
3. Perpetuation of the company’s values is crucial for its legacy.
4. The monument’s restoration was vital for the perpetuation of historical significance.

WORD-6: Incompetent

CONTEXT: Most people are opposed to it, viewing it as a usurper and oppressor. Worse, it is seen as incompetent.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Incompetent is like someone who hasn’t learned how to play a game yet, so they’re not very good at it. In a serious situation, it means not having the skills or abilities needed for a particular task.

MEANING: Not having the necessary skills or abilities to do something successfully (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: in-kom-pi-tuhnt

SYNONYMS: incapable, unskilled, inept, inadequate, unqualified, unfit, inefficient

1. The manager replaced the incompetent employee with someone more qualified.
2. Hiring competent staff is crucial for the success of any organization.
3. The court dismissed the case due to the lawyer’s incompetent representation.
4. Incompetent leadership can lead to organizational challenges and setbacks.

WORD-7: Reconciliation

CONTEXT: Various attempts by the United Nations, ASEAN, Japan, and Myanmar’s neighbors have been unable to move the country towards reconciliation.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Reconciliation is like making up with a friend after an argument. It’s about coming together and making things right, whether it’s with friends or in solving bigger issues.

MEANING: The process of making two opposing parties friendly again; restoring harmony (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: rek-uh n-suh-ley-shuhn

SYNONYMS: resolution, settlement, agreement, harmony, compromise, understanding, accord

1. The family sought reconciliation after a disagreement over the holidays.
2. Reconciliation between the two nations brought about years of peace.
3. The mediator facilitated reconciliation between the disputing parties.
4. In personal relationships, open communication is key to reconciliation.


WORD-8: Indulging

CONTEXT: There is also greater activism of Myanmar-based anti-India insurgents indulging in illegal activities along the border.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Indulging is like allowing yourself a little extra dessert because you had a good day. In a broader sense, it means allowing or giving in to something enjoyable or satisfying.

MEANING: Allowing oneself to enjoy or satisfy a desire or craving. (verb/adjective)

PRONUNCIATION: in-duhlj-ing

SYNONYMS: pampering, gratifying, indulgent, spoiling, satisfying, treating, yielding

1. Indulging in occasional treats is okay as part of a balanced diet.
2. The spa weekend was a way of indulging in self-care and relaxation.
3. Indulging in a good book is her favorite way to unwind.
4. The chef took pleasure in indulging diners with a variety of culinary delights.


WORD-9: Reconsideration

CONTEXT: The 2018 India-Myanmar agreement on the Free Movement Regime is under reconsideration.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Reconsideration is like thinking about a decision again, just like when you change your mind about which game to play. It’s about giving something another thought.

MEANING: The act of thinking about or reviewing a decision or idea again. (noun)

PRONUNCIATION: ree-kuhn-sid-uh-rey-shuhn

SYNONYMS: review, reassessment, reevaluation, second thought, reflection, reexamination, contemplation

1. After much reconsideration, she decided to change her college major.
2. The manager agreed to a reconsideration of the proposed project timeline.
3. The committee’s reconsideration led to a revised policy.
4. Reconsideration of the evidence influenced the judge’s final decision.

WORD-10: Cessation

CONTEXT: A strong message of the need for cessation of violence and restoration of normalcy should be relayed to both the government and the resistance.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Cessation is like when a game stops because it’s time for dinner. In a more serious context, it means the act of stopping or coming to an end.

MEANING: The act of stopping or ending something (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: ses-ey-shuhn

SYNONYMS: discontinuation, halt, stoppage, termination, conclusion, end, cessation

1. The company announced the cessation of production at the old factory.
2. The ceasefire marked a temporary cessation of hostilities.
3. The doctor recommended the cessation of certain activities to aid recovery.
4. The storm’s cessation allowed residents to return to their homes safely.



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