Daily Vocabulary from ‘The Hindu’: January 10, 2024

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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
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Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
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CONTEXT: Two more terms were set by the apex court related to non-disclosure of related party transactions and the manipulation of stock prices in contravention of existing laws. In addition, a separate Expert Committee was formed to inter alia examine whether there has been a regulatory failure in dealing with the alleged contravention of laws by the Adani group.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you’re building a pyramid with blocks. The very top block that you put on is the most special one because it’s the highest point of your pyramid. That top point is called the apex. In other words, apex means the very, very top or the best part of something!

MEANING: The highest point or the greatest part of something (noun).


SYNONYMS: Peak, summit, zenith, pinnacle, acme, crest, vertex

1. The climber reached the apex of the mountain.
2. The movie reached its emotional apex during the final scene.
3. The apex of the pyramid was covered in gold.
4. She was at the apex of her career when she won the award.


WORD-2: Unravelling

CONTEXT: The Nehruvian period lasted for almost three decades and began unravelling in the late 1980s.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Think of a sweater with a loose thread. If you pull on it, the sweater starts to come apart. That’s like unravelling. It means something is being untangled or understood better, or it can mean something is slowly coming undone.

MEANING: The process of becoming untangled or understood, or alternatively, slowly coming apart. (noun)


SYNONYMS: Untangling, Unfolding, Disentangling, Resolving, Clarifying

1. She spent hours unravelling the tangled yarn.
2. The mystery began unravelling as the detective found new clues.
3. His carefully planned project started unravelling due to unforeseen problems.
4. The story’s plot began unravelling in the final chapters.

WORD-3: Accompanied

CONTEXT: He explained that Peritas was the favorite dog of Alexander the Great and even accompanied him during his military conquests.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: When you go to the park with your friend, your friend is accompanying you. It means to go with someone or something else.

MEANING: To go along with someone or something else. (verb, past tense)


SYNONYMS: Escorted, Joined, Attended, Partnered, Followed

1. She accompanied her brother to the doctor.
2. The meal was accompanied by a delightful salad.
3. He was accompanied by his parents on his first day of school.
4. The concert was accompanied by a spectacular light show.

WORD-4: Avenues

CONTEXT: Dispersal of power to party’s elected representatives can create avenues for internal negotiations as well as horizontal issue-based mobilization.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Think of a big street lined with trees and buildings. That’s an avenue. It’s a wide street in a town or city. It can also mean different ways to do something.

MEANING: Wide streets in a town or city, or different ways or methods to achieve something. (noun, plural)


SYNONYMS: Streets, Roads, Pathways, Methods, Approaches

1. There are several beautiful avenues in the city.
2. We need to explore new avenues for solving this problem.
3. The company is considering various avenues for expansion.
4. They walked down the tree-lined avenues.

WORD-5: Conceptualisation

CONTEXT: There are many instances where we come across question papers that have grave flaws such as language errors, errors in conceptualisation, irrelevant questions and questions that do not test higher order learning.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine having an idea in your mind, like thinking of building a sandcastle. Conceptualisation is when you start thinking about how to make your idea real.

MEANING: The act of forming a clear idea or concept of something in your mind. (noun)

PRONUNCIATION: kon-sep-chew-uh-LIE-zay-shun

SYNONYMS: Formulation, Ideation, Conception, Theorization, Visualization

1. The conceptualisation of the project took several weeks.
2. His conceptualisation of the character was brilliant.
3. The team worked on the conceptualisation of the marketing strategy.
4. Conceptualisation is important before starting any design process.


WORD-6: Polarisation

CONTEXT: the mass media plays a pivotal role in opinion-making. However, instead of informing the electorate, the media often contributes to polarisation.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Think about how people sometimes have very different opinions on a topic, like when some kids love broccoli and others hate it. Polarisation is when things or people are divided into two very different groups.

MEANING: The division into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs. (noun)

PRONUNCIATION: po-luh-ri-ZAY-shun

SYNONYMS: Division, Separation, Dichotomy, Contrast, Split

1. The issue caused polarisation among the members of the group.
2. There’s increasing polarisation in politics.
3. The debate led to further polarisation of public opinion.
4. Polarisation in society can be harmful to constructive dialogue.

WORD-7: Employability

CONTEXT: Students who enrolled in college during the pandemic have now graduated and there are concerns over their employability and the quality of online education.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Employability is like having the tools in your toolbox that help you do a job. It means having the skills, knowledge, and abilities that make someone able to be hired for a job.

MEANING: The quality of being suitable for and capable of getting and keeping a job. (noun)

PRONUNCIATION: em-ploi-uh-BIL-i-tee

SYNONYMS: Hireability, Job-readiness, Marketable, Qualification, Competence

1. The course aims to increase students’ employability.
2. Her internships greatly improved her employability.
3. Companies often look for employability skills in candidates.
4. Enhancing employability is crucial in today’s job market.


WORD-8: Massification

CONTEXT: A major reason for this was the massification of higher education between 2006 and 2018.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Think about how a small group of people turns into a really big crowd, like at a concert. Massification is when something becomes available to a lot of people or affects a large number of people.

MEANING: The process of becoming widespread or available to the masses. (noun)

PRONUNCIATION: mas-si-fi-KAY-shun

SYNONYMS: Popularization, Expansion, Generalization, Spread, Proliferation

1. The massification of technology has changed how we live.
2. There’s a trend towards massification in higher education.
3. Massification of media has its pros and cons.
4. The massification of information is evident on the internet.

WORD-9: Inclusiveness

CONTEXT: The intervention strategies for promoting inclusiveness and equities for different sets of people need to different.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine a party where everyone is invited, no matter what they look like or what they like to do. Inclusiveness is like that. It means including everyone and making sure no one feels left out.

MEANING: The quality of including all types of people and treating them all fairly and equally. (noun)


SYNONYMS: Diversity, Openness, Acceptance, Tolerance, Broad-mindedness

1. The company is praised for its commitment to inclusiveness.
2. Inclusiveness in the classroom is important for all students.
3. The event was a model of inclusiveness and diversity.
4. She advocates for inclusiveness in sports.


WORD-10: Numerous

CONTEXT: With more than 1,100 universities, 50,000 affiliated colleges including 700 autonomous colleges and a total enrolment of 40.15 million students, India has numerous higher education examination systems with diversified modes of assessment.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Think about a lot of stars in the sky. There are so many you can’t count them all. That’s what numerous means – a lot of something.

MEANING: Existing in large numbers; very many. (adjective)


SYNONYMS: Many, Countless, Abundant, Several, Myriad

1. She has visited numerous countries around the world.
2. There are numerous reasons for his decision.
3. The festival attracted numerous attendees.
4. He faced numerous challenges during the project.



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