Daily Vocabulary from ‘The Hindu’: January 2, 2024

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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
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Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
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WORD-1: Aberrations

CONTEXT: As such episodes are becoming more common, it is time to think about the behavior of Governors in Opposition-ruled States and to understand the legal consequences of such aberrations.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Think of aberrations like when something unusual happens that doesn’t normally occur. For example, if it suddenly snows in the summer, that’s an aberration because it’s really strange and not expected.

MEANING: A deviation from what is normal or expected (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: uh-buh-ray-shuns

SYNONYMS: Anomaly, irregularity, oddity, deviation, divergence.

1. The scientist was puzzled by the aberrations in her experimental data.
2. Snow in July is an aberration from typical summer weather.
3. The aberrations in his behavior made his friends concerned.
4. Aberrations in the manufacturing process led to flawed products.

WORD-2: Federation

CONTEXT: He termed the activists of the Students’ Federation of India “criminals” and accused the Chief Minister of “sponsoring” them.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: A federation is like a big team made up of smaller teams. Each team has its own leaders and rules, but they all work together under one big set of rules too.

MEANING: A group of states or organizations united under a central authority (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: fed-uh-ray-shun

SYNONYMS: Alliance, union, confederation, consortium, league.

1. The United States is a federation of fifty states.
2. They formed a federation to better address common issues.
3. The sports federation oversees various athletic competitions.
4. Each member of the federation retains some level of autonomy.

WORD-3: Protocol

CONTEXT: After his visit, in a clear breach of protocol, he toured Kozhikode without any previous announcement.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Protocol is like a set of special rules or ways to do things, especially in important events or meetings. It’s like knowing to say ‘please’ and ‘thank you,’ but for more official things.

MEANING: A set of rules and customs for formal occasions or procedures (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: pro-tuh-kol

SYNONYMS: Procedure, etiquette, code, convention, guideline.

1. Diplomats must follow strict protocol during official meetings.
2. The laboratory protocol must be followed exactly.
3. There’s a specific protocol for addressing royalty.
4. Emergency protocols are in place in case of a fire.

WORD-4: Practitioner

CONTEXT: The amended Section 106(1) of the Sanhita says: “Whoever causes death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act not amounting to culpable homicide, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to five years, and shall also be liable to fine; and if such act is done by a registered medical practitioner while performing medical procedure, he shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, and shall also be liable to fine.”

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: A practitioner is someone who does a special kind of work, like a doctor or a lawyer. They know a lot about their job because they have learned it and do it every day.

MEANING: A person actively engaged in an art, discipline, or profession, especially in medicine or law (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: prak-tish-uh-ner

SYNONYMS: Professional, Specialist, Expert, Clinician, Lawyer

1. She is a well-respected medical practitioner.
2. As a legal practitioner, he gives advice on court cases.
3. The seminar was attended by practitioners from various fields.
4. Experienced practitioners often have practical advice.

WORD-5: Notion

CONTEXT: In NCT of Delhi v. Union of India (2018), a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court emphasized the need to identify the “moral values of the Constitution” based on a notion of “constitutional culture”.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: A notion is like a small idea or a thought about something. It’s like when you suddenly think, “Maybe I’ll be a firefighter when I grow up!”

MEANING: An idea, belief, or opinion (noun).


SYNONYMS: Concept, thought, idea, belief, impression.

1. She had a notion to start her own business.
2. The notion that the earth is flat is outdated.
3. He dismissed the notion as impractical.
4. The book challenges traditional notions of history.

WORD-6: Purported

CONTEXT: It says that Governors shall not be answerable to any court for the exercise and performance of the powers and duties of their office or for any act done or purported to be done by them in their official capacity.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Purported is when someone says something is true or real, but you’re not sure if it really is. It’s like if someone told you they saw a unicorn, but you haven’t seen it yourself.

MEANING: Alleged or claimed, but not necessarily true (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: per-por-ted

SYNONYMS: Alleged, supposed, claimed, professed, rumored.

1. The purported benefits of the medicine were questioned.
2. He is the purported inventor of the device.
3. The story’s purported facts were later proven false.
4. They investigated the purported sighting of a rare bird.


WORD-7: Liable

CONTEXT: This does not mean that Governors are not liable for their misbehavior unconnected with their official duty.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Liable means you are responsible for something, especially if something goes wrong. It’s like being the person who has to clean up if you accidentally spill your juice.

MEANING: Legally responsible for something, especially in terms of costs or damages (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Responsible, accountable, answerable, subject, prone.

1. If you break it, you are liable for the cost of repairs.
2. He’s liable to get upset if you’re late.
3. Companies are liable for their products’ safety.
4. Drivers are liable for damages they cause in accidents.


WORD-8: Whimsical

CONTEXT: In Rameshwar Prasad v. Union of India (2006), after finding that the Governor abused power in recommending Presidential rule in Bihar, the Supreme Court said that the motivated and whimsical conduct of the Governor is amenable to judicial review.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Whimsical is when something is playful, fun, and a little bit silly or unusual. It’s like when you imagine a cat wearing a hat and riding a bicycle.

MEANING: Playfully quaint or fanciful, especially in an appealing and amusing way (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: whim-si-kuhl

SYNONYMS: Playful, fanciful, quirky, fanciful, capricious.

1. The artist is known for her whimsical paintings.
2. The whimsical story captivated the children.
3. They enjoyed a whimsical walk through the imaginative garden.
4. His whimsical sense of humor always made us laugh.


WORD-9: Amenable

CONTEXT: In Rameshwar Prasad v. Union of India (2006), after finding that the Governor abused power in recommending Presidential rule in Bihar, the Supreme Court said that the motivated and whimsical conduct of the Governor is amenable to judicial review.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Amenable is like being willing to listen or agree to something. It’s like when you’re ready to try new foods your mom makes.

MEANING: Open and responsive to suggestion; willing to agree or accept something that is wanted or asked for (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: uh-men-uh-buhl

SYNONYMS: Agreeable, cooperative, receptive, compliant, responsive.

1. She was amenable to the idea of changing her plans.
2. The boss was surprisingly amenable to our suggestions.
3. The committee was amenable to the proposed changes.
4. They found the local authorities amenable and helpful.


WORD-10: Gestures

CONTEXT: Yet, the question of whether Governors can claim immunity for extra-constitutional gestures and utterances was not a matter in issue in Rameshwar Prasad.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Gestures are the movements you make with your hands or body to show something. Like when you wave hello or goodbye, those are gestures.

MEANING: Movements of the hands or body to express thoughts or feelings (noun).


SYNONYMS: Signals, signs, gesticulations, motions, indications.

1. He made a gesture of apology.
2. Her gestures during the speech were very expressive.
3. The gesture of goodwill improved their relationship.
4. Sign language uses gestures to communicate words and ideas.



Vocabulary Importance

Title: “The Cornerstone of Language: Recognizing ‘Vocabulary Importance'”

In the realm of language learning, understanding ‘vocabulary importance’ is a fundamental concept. Words are the building blocks of language and a rich vocabulary fuels effective and persuasive communication. However, embracing ‘vocabulary importance’ involves more than just acknowledging its role – it requires you to integrate it into your learning strategy.

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Incorporating the learnt vocabulary into your speech and writing is non-negotiable when understanding ‘vocabulary importance’. Regular usage not only enhances vocabulary retention, but it also uncovers the magic of eloquent expression that a blossoming vocabulary can yield.

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To sum it up, ‘vocabulary importance’ is not just a theory to be noted, but a mantra to be embraced in your language learning journey. Engage with a wide variety of resources, actively learn and use new words, and utilize effective recall techniques. As you uncover the depths of ‘vocabulary importance’, you’ll realize that every new word is a fresh shade on your language palette, painting your communication canvas with hues of eloquence, clarity, and confidence.

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