Daily Vocabulary from ‘The Hindu’: January 27, 2024

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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
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Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
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WORD-1: Recurrent
CONTEXT: Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar appears to be plumbing new depths with his recurrent somersaults.
SOURCE: The Hindu
Explanatory Paragraph: Imagine if your favorite cartoon comes on TV not just once, but again and again. That means it keeps coming back or happening over and over. That’s what “recurrent” is like; something that happens again, like having pizza every Friday night.
Meaning: Happening repeatedly at intervals (adjective).
Pronunciation: re-KUR-ent
Synonyms: Repeated, periodic, cyclic, frequent, repetitive, continual
Usage Examples:
1. She had a recurrent dream about flying.
2. The issue of safety is a recurrent concern.
3. The theme of heroism is recurrent in his novels.
4. They noticed a recurrent pattern in the data.

WORD-2: Proclaiming
CONTEXT: the BJP was loudly proclaiming that it would never again align with Mr. Kumar and the JD(U).
SOURCE: The Hindu
Explanatory Paragraph: Think about shouting out something exciting, like finding a hidden treasure in the sandbox, so all your friends can hear it. “Proclaiming” is like that; it’s when you announce something important loudly and clearly.
Meaning: Announcing something publicly or officially (verb).
Pronunciation: pro-KLAY-ming
Synonyms: Announcing, declaring, stating, broadcasting, pronouncing, publishing
Usage Examples:
1. The mayor will be proclaiming the winner of the contest.
2. They were proclaiming their love for each other.
3. The document proclaimed freedom for all citizens.
4. Signs proclaiming the sale could be seen everywhere.

WORD-3: Rapprochement
CONTEXT: the BJP felt insecure enough to look for a rapprochement with the JD(U), which commands considerable following among non-Yadav Other Backward Classes in Bihar.
SOURCE:The Hindu
Explanatory Paragraph: Imagine if two friends had a big fight over toys and didn’t talk for a while, but then they decide to make up, share their toys, and play together again. That act of becoming friends again is what “rapprochement” means; it’s about making things friendly after being apart or not friendly.
Meaning: The establishment of friendly relations after a disagreement (noun).
Pronunciation: ra-prosh-MON
Synonyms: Reconciliation, detente, harmonizing, accord, agreement, reconciliation
Usage Examples:
1. The two countries sought rapprochement after years of conflict.
2. A rapprochement between the competing companies surprised the industry.
3. The meeting was a first step towards rapprochement.
4. The families reached a rapprochement after mediation.


WORD-4: Defanged
CONTEXT: the BJP has defanged the limited potency that was left in his social justice politics.
SOURCE: The Hindu
Explanatory Paragraph: Think about a scary lion that loses its sharp teeth, so it can’t bite anymore. Now, it’s not so scary, right? “Defanged” is when something dangerous or powerful is made less harmful or less strong, like taking the batteries out of a noisy toy.
Meaning: Made less powerful or effective (verb, past tense).
Pronunciation: dee-FANGD
Synonyms: Weakened, disarmed, neutralized, emasculated, crippled, blunted
Usage Examples:
1. The law was defanged by the new amendments.
2. The dangerous snake was defanged to prevent it from biting.
3. Critics argue that the policy has been defanged.
4. The once fearsome pirate was effectively defanged.

WORD-5: Besmirched
CONTEXT: The BJP is the biggest beneficiary of the realignment in Bihar, while the biggest loser might be Mr. Kumar himself. His political base is being raided, and his legacy stands besmirched.
SOURCE: The Hindu
Explanatory Paragraph: Imagine if you’re wearing a white shirt and accidentally spill chocolate ice cream on it. Now, your shirt isn’t clean anymore. “Besmirched” is like that but with someone’s reputation; it means to make it not clean or good by saying bad things.
Meaning: Damaged the reputation of someone or something (verb, past tense).
Pronunciation: bi-SMURCHT
Synonyms: Tarnished, sullied, stained, discredited, smeared, maligned
Usage Examples:
1. His reputation was besmirched by rumors.
2. The scandal besmirched the company’s good name.
3. She felt besmirched by the false accusations.
4. The historical monument was besmirched with graffiti.


WORD-6: Fancied
CONTEXT: The old sporting trope of the underdog toppling the fancied rival was again in play as England at Hyderabad and the West Indies at Brisbane, respectively humbled their potent hosts India and Australia.
SOURCE: The Hindu
Explanatory Paragraph: Imagine you really like a superhero or a character from a story, so much that you pretend to be them or have them as a friend. “Fancied” means you like or imagine something a lot, like having a favorite toy you always choose first.
Meaning: Liked or imagined in a very special or ideal way (verb, past tense).
Pronunciation: FAN-seed
Synonyms: Imagined, envisioned, liked, dreamed of, preferred, wished for
Usage Examples:
1. She fancied herself as a famous singer.
2. He fancied a cup of hot chocolate in the cold weather.
3. They fancied their chances of winning the game.
4. I’ve always fancied traveling to distant lands.


WORD-7: Presumptions
CONTEXT: ODIs and T20Is, found its mojo and again reiterated its durability and the potential to alter scripts and presumptions.
SOURCE: The Hindu
Explanatory Paragraph: Imagine you think there’s a monster under your bed without looking to check. You’re just guessing it’s there because it feels scary at night. “Presumptions” are like those guesses; believing something is true without being totally sure or having all the facts.
Meaning: Assumptions or beliefs accepted as true without proof (noun).
Pronunciation: pre-ZUMP-shuns
Synonyms: Assumptions, suppositions, conjectures, speculations, presumptions, inferences
Usage Examples:
1. His guilt was a matter of presumption before the trial.
2. They acted on the presumption that they were invited.
3. Such presumptions can lead to misunderstandings.
4. The policy is based on the presumption of innocence.

WORD-8: Reiterates
CONTEXT: India will have to find a method to reiterate its dominance.
SOURCE: The Hindu
Explanatory Paragraph: Imagine telling your friend a secret, but they didn’t hear it right, so you say it again. “Reiterate” is when you say something again or repeat it to make sure everyone understands it clearly, like reminding your mom you want chocolate cake for your birthday.
Meaning: To say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity (verb).
Pronunciation: ree-IT-uh-rate
Synonyms: Repeat, restate, recapitulate, echo, reaffirm, reproduce
Usage Examples:
1. The teacher reiterated the importance of homework.
2. He reiterated his request for silence.
3. The policy was reiterated in the meeting.
4. She reiterated her commitment to the project.


WORD-9: Floundered
CONTEXT: The men from the Caribbean have floundered in the past, but the latest result hints at a turnaround.
SOURCE: The Hindu
Explanatory Paragraph: Imagine trying to walk in really deep mud and you keep slipping and can’t walk straight. That’s like “floundering”; it’s when you’re trying to do something but having a really hard time and not getting anywhere, like struggling to build a tall tower of blocks without it falling over.
Meaning: Struggled clumsily or helplessly (verb, past tense).
Pronunciation: FLOUN-derd
Synonyms: Struggled, stumbled, faltered, thrashed, blundered, wallowed
Usage Examples:
1. The fish floundered in the shallow water.
2. He floundered with his answer, unsure of what to say.
3. The company floundered after the loss of its CEO.
4. Without a map, they floundered through the forest.


WORD-10 Inadvertently
CONTEXT: In a democratic setup, leaders often chase tangible achievements and, inadvertently or otherwise, overlook these vital preventive efforts.
SOURCE: The Hindu
Explanatory Paragraph: Imagine walking while looking at the sky and accidentally bumping into a friend because you weren’t watching where you were going. “Inadvertently” is when something happens by accident or without you meaning to do it, like spilling water because you didn’t see the glass.
Meaning: Done without intention or by accident (adverb).
Pronunciation: in-ad-VER-tent-ly
Synonyms: Unintentionally, accidentally, unknowingly, unwittingly, carelessly, unconsciously
Usage Examples:
1. She inadvertently stepped on his foot.
2. The email was sent to the wrong person inadvertently.
3. He inadvertently revealed the surprise.
4. The mistake was made inadvertently.



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