• Persecution is the systematic mistreatment of an individual or group by another individual or group.
• The most common forms are religious persecution, racism and political persecution.
Usage: When people are treated badly and harassed because of their religious beliefs, this is an example of religious persecution.
2. Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
• The Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, also known as the 1951 Refugee Convention, is a United Nations multilateral treaty that defines who a refugee is, and sets out the rights of individuals who are granted asylum and the responsibilities of nations that grant asylum.
• The Convention also sets out which people do not qualify as refugees, such as war criminals.
• Non-refoulement is a fundamental principle of international law that forbids a country receiving asylum seekers from returning them to a country in which they would be in likely danger of persecution based on “race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion”.
• Damage someone’s reputation or make something dirty or discoloured.
Usage: He had besmirched the good name of his family.
Synonyms: sully, tarnish, blacken, stain, taint,
• An expert in the study of statistics relating to the changing structure of human populations.
• Demography is the statistical study of populations, especially human beings.
• Demography encompasses the study of the size, structure, and distribution of these populations, and spatial or temporal changes in them in response to birth, migration, aging, and death.
6. Demographic dividend
• Demographic dividend, as defined by the United Nations Population Fund means, “The economic growth potential that can result from shifts in a population’s age structure, mainly when the share of the working-age population is larger than the non-working-age share of the population”.
• It is “a boost in economic productivity that occurs when there are growing numbers of people in the workforce relative to the number of dependents.”
• Very complicated or detailed.
Usage: Of course the more intricate the design the more numerous the processes.
Synonyms: complex, complicated, convoluted, tangled
• A state of perplexity or uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation.
Synonyms: dilemma, plight, predicament, state of uncertainty, state of perplexity.
Usage: Packing for a vacation is a necessary evil before the fun begins, but knowing what cruise wear to include can improve the luggage quandary immensely..
• Manipulate the boundaries of an electoral constituency so as to favour one party or class.
• Gerrymandering is a practice intended to establish a political advantage for a particular party or group by manipulating district boundaries.
Usage: In the United States the McKinley Tariff Bill was one of the main causes of the Democratic victory in the Congressional elections of 1890, in which McKinley himself was defeated by an extraordinary Democratic gerrymander of his Congressional district.
• Involving or showing violence and bloodshed.
Usage: A gory horror film.
Synonyms: grisly, gruesome, violent, bloodthirsty, bloody, brutal, savage.
• Easily made to feel sick or disgusted.
Usage: I’ve always been squeamish about cockroaches.
Synonyms: easily nauseated, nervous
• Accuracy or truthfulness
Usage: officials expressed doubts concerning the veracity of the story.
• Expel someone from a property, especially with the support of the law.
• Eviction is the removal of a tenant from rental property by the landlord. In some jurisdictions it may also involve the removal of persons from premises that were foreclosed by a mortgage
Usage: You need to make every day a good day at work if you want that promotion, so, clean out anything that’s under your bed and evict the dust bunnies.