1. Spur
A. Give an incentive or encouragement to someone.
B. A device with a small spike or a spiked wheel that is worn on a rider’s heel and used for urging a horse forward.
Synonyms: – stimulate, prompt, propel, prod, induce, impel, egg on, stir
Usage: – Her passion for art spurred her on to set up a drawing class.

2. Sagging
A. Sinking or bulging downwards underweight or pressure or through lack of strength.
B. Becoming weaker/declining.
Usage: – a comprehensive overhaul meant to revive sagging sales.
Sagging Fashion: – Sagging is a manner of wearing trousers or jeans that sag so that the top of the trousers or jeans are significantly below the waist. Sagging is predominantly a male fashion.

3. Mar
A. Blemish, impair the quality or appearance of, spoil.
B. A small lake.
Usage: – Violence marred a number of New Year celebrations across the country.

4. Caucasian
The Caucasian race is a grouping of human beings historically regarded as a biological taxon, which, depending on which of the historical race classifications is used.
In the United States, the root term Caucasian has also often been used in a different, societal context as a synonym for white or of European, Middle Eastern, or North African ancestry.

5. Pertinent
Relevant, to the point or Appropriate
Synonyms: – Apposite, suitable, fitting, fit, apt, applicable.
Usage: – She asked me a lot of very pertinent questions.

6. Supremacism
Supremacism is an ideology which holds that a certain class of people is superior to others, and that they should dominate, control, and subjugate others, or are entitled to do so.
Supremacist is an advocate of the supremacy of a particular group, especially one determined by race or sex.

7. Assail
A. To attack violently using words or force.
B. Criticize strongly.
Usage: – She was assailed by doubts and regrets.

8. Continental Axis Hypothesis
A hypothesis on why certain regions of the world throughout history experienced more economic development than others. It states that regions of the earth that are spread across a large latitudinal area, that is east-west, are more likely to witness greater development than regions that extend longitudinally, that is north-south.

9. Pepper
1. Cover or fill with a large amount of scattered item.
2. A plant of the family Piperaceae.
Usage: – The narration is peppered with four-letter words.

10. Fiscal Federalism
It deals with the division of governmental functions and financial relations among levels of government.
As a subfield of public economics, fiscal federalism is concerned with ‘understanding which functions and instruments are best centralized and which are best placed in the sphere of decentralized levels of government’.
The term was introduced by the German-born American economist Richard Musgrave.

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