Daily Vocabulary from ‘The Hindu’: March 20, 2024

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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
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Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
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CONTEXT: it seems that even pet dogs too have managed to raise an entirely different class of concerns meriting the attention of a central government ministry and two High Courts.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Think about when you do a really good job, like cleaning up your toys without being asked, and your parents say you did something good. That means you are “meriting,” like getting a gold star for doing something well.

MEANING: Deserving of praise or reward (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Deserving, worthy, entitled, qualified, eligible, commendable

1. Her excellent grades in school are meriting of a special reward.
2. The player’s outstanding performance was meriting of the MVP award.
3. His contributions to the project were meriting of recognition.
4. Because of her hard work, she was meriting a promotion.



CONTEXT: Among the questions being deliberated upon is whether certain breeds of dogs are inherently more “ferocious” than others.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine something that is always part of you, like the color of your eyes. You were born with it and it doesn’t change. “Inherently” means something that is naturally part of something else, just like your eye color is naturally part of you.

MEANING: Existing as a natural and permanent part of something (adverb).


SYNONYMS: Naturally, fundamentally, essentially, intrinsically, constitutionally

1. She is inherently kind and always helps her friends.
2. Cats are inherently curious animals.
3. The right to freedom is inherently important to every human being.
4. His talent for music is inherently part of his personality.



CONTEXT: the questions being deliberated upon is whether certain breeds of dogs are inherently more “ferocious” than others.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Think of a big, scary lion roaring loudly. When something is “ferocious,” it means it’s very fierce, strong, and scary, just like the lion.

MEANING: Extremely aggressive or violent (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Fierce, savage, violent, brutal, aggressive, intense

1. The ferocious storm caused a lot of damage to the town.
2. He played the game with ferocious intensity.
3. The ferocious lion scared all the other animals in the jungle.
4. Her ferocious determination helped her overcome many challenges.



CONTEXT: Dogs that have already been kept as pets must be sterilised to ensure that further breeding does not happen.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine your toys are dirty, and they get cleaned so well that no germs are left on them. “Sterilised” means making something completely clean from all germs, like how a doctor cleans their tools.

MEANING: Made free from all bacteria or other living organisms (verb).


SYNONYMS: Disinfected, sanitized, cleaned, purified, antiseptic, germ-free

1. The medical instruments must be sterilised before surgery.
2. She sterilised the baby bottles to make them safe for feeding.
3. The laboratory equipment is sterilised to prevent contamination.
4. After the outbreak, all the rooms were thoroughly sterilised.


CONTEXT: That said, several countries have banned certain breeds or have imposed stringent conditions to own or maintain certain dog breeds.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: When your parents have very strict rules, like always washing hands before eating, they are being “stringent.” It means they have very strict and serious rules that must be followed.

MEANING: Strict, precise, and exacting (adjective)


SYNONYMS: Strict, rigorous, severe, tight, exacting, inflexible

1. The school has stringent rules against cheating.
2. Stringent safety standards were enforced at the construction site.
3. He follows a stringent diet to maintain his health.
4. The new laws were more stringent than the previous ones.


CONTEXT: While individual choice in choosing and raising pets matters, it is by no means an unbridled right.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Think of a horse running fast without anything holding it back. “Unbridled” means having no control or limits, just like the horse running freely.

MEANING: Free from any form of control, and thus acting without restraint


SYNONYMS: Unrestrained, unchecked, uncontrolled, wild, rampant, limitless

1. Her unbridled enthusiasm was infectious at the party.
2. The discussion turned into an unbridled argument.
3. He expressed unbridled joy when he won the competition.
4. The city experienced unbridled growth during the economic boom.



CONTEXT: the BCCI had to offer monetary incentives for players to turn up for Tests, is truly an ironic moment as it is their much-hyped product, the IPL, which is cannibalising talent from the longer format.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine if you had a toy made of different parts, and you took pieces from one toy to fix another toy. “Cannibalising” means using parts of one thing to make another thing work, kind of like fixing a toy with parts from other toys.

MEANING: Using parts of one thing to repair or enhance another (verb).

PRONUNCIATION: KAN-uh-buh-lize-ing

SYNONYMS: Repurposing, recycling, reusing, salvaging, consuming, devouring

1. The company cannibalised old models to create the new version.
2. To repair the car, the mechanic cannibalised parts from an older vehicle.
3. Cannibalising resources from one department to support another can lead to budget issues.
4. He cannibalised an old computer to build a new one with better performance.



CONTEXT: political parties have been enriched through the EBS, money used in election campaigns may have still not changed colour.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine your plain white drawing paper suddenly getting lots of colorful stickers, making it look better and more interesting. “Enriched” means something is made better or improved, just like the paper with stickers.

MEANING: Improved or enhanced in quality, value, or effectiveness (verb).


SYNONYMS: Enhanced, improved, fortified, augmented, bettered, upgraded

1. The new curriculum enriched the students’ learning experience.
2. Enriched soil helps plants grow healthier and stronger.
3. The discussion was enriched by her insightful comments.
4. Adding spices enriched the flavor of the dish.


CONTEXT: The questionable presumption is that since funds used to purchase the bond are drawn from an account in a designated bank, the source of those funds is also ‘clean’.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Think about when you believe you’ll get ice cream after dinner without anyone saying so. “Presumption” means believing something is true even though it might not be, like expecting ice cream without being told.

MEANING: The act of believing something is true without having all the facts or
evidence (noun)


SYNONYMS: Assumption, belief, supposition, conjecture, speculation, inference

1. It’s a presumption to think he’ll win the race without seeing him compete.
2. The case was based on the presumption of innocence until proven guilty.
3. Her presumption that she would lead the project surprised her colleagues.
4. The presumption of good faith is important in negotiations.


CONTEXT: It is being said by the ‘designers’ of the EBS that the bank could not have legally kept any record of the secret number on the bond issued to the purchaser (in keeping with the provision of anonymity enshrined in the EBS).

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine something very important to you, like a special toy, being put in a safe place where it can be seen and not hurt. “Enshrined” means keeping something important in a special place so it can be respected and protected.

MEANING: Preserved or cherished as sacred (verb)


SYNONYMS: Protected, preserved, consecrated, sanctified, immortalized, safeguarded

1. The constitution enshrined the rights of citizens.
2. His achievements were enshrined in the hall of fame.
3. The relics were enshrined in a glass case for display.
4. Her memories are enshrined in the photographs she took.



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