Daily Vocabulary from ‘The Hindu’: May 3, 2024

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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
Hi there. Welcome to this special section @ Wordpandit.
Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
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WORD-1: Emboldens

CONTEXT: When a survivor files a complaint, it emboldens others to speak up, especially when it involves serial offenders.

SOURCE: [Source]

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Emboldens means to give someone more courage to do something. It’s like when a friend cheers you on, making you feel strong enough to try the high slide at the playground.

MEANING: Gives someone the courage or confidence to do something (verb).


SYNONYMS: Encourages, fortifies, heartens, inspires, strengthens, invigorates.

1. Winning the first match emboldens the team for the next game.
2. Her kind words emboldened him to apply for the job.
3. The support from his family emboldens him to persevere.
4. Positive feedback can embolden students to participate more.

WORD-2: Vulnerable

CONTEXT: The war is set to enter its eighth month, Mr. Biden looks increasingly vulnerable to its regional and domestic consequences.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Vulnerable means being easily hurt or affected by something. It’s like when you’re without your umbrella in a rainstorm, you get wet because you’re unprotected.

MEANING: Susceptible to physical or emotional harm;unprotected.


SYNONYMS: Exposed, susceptible, open to attack, at risk, defenseless, fragile.

1. The city’s defenses were vulnerable to attack.
2. Children are especially vulnerable to the effects of poor nutrition.
3. He felt vulnerable and alone in the new school.
4. The system is vulnerable to security breaches.

WORD-3: Relentlessly

CONTEXT: Biden officials have been working relentlessly to achieve a ceasefire and hostage deal between Israel and Hamas.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Relentlessly means doing something non-stop, without giving up, no matter how hard it gets. It’s like continuously climbing up the slide, even if you keep slipping down.

MEANING: Doing something without stopping or without showing any sign of
giving up (adverb).


SYNONYMS: Persistently, continuously, unyieldingly, tirelessly, unceasingly, incessantly.

1. She pursued her goals relentlessly.
2. The team worked relentlessly to meet the deadline.
3. The wind howled relentlessly throughout the night.
4. Critics relentlessly attacked the new policy.

WORD-4: Retaliation

CONTEXT: Mr. Biden’s timely response to shoot down the drones and missiles fired by Iran against Israel and his warning to the Prime Minister of Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu, that the U.S. would not join Israel’s retaliation against Iran, helped ease regional tensions.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Retaliation means getting back at someone because they did something to you first. It’s like when someone takes your toy, so you take one of theirs to even things out.

MEANING: The act of returning an injury or wrong; revenge taken for an insult,
injury, or other wrong (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: re-TAL-ee-ay-shun

SYNONYMS: Revenge, reprisal, retribution, payback, counterattack, vengeance.

1. The strike was a retaliation for the company’s refusal to increase pay.
2. He faced retaliation after whistleblowing on corruption.
3. Countries were warned against any acts of military retaliation.
4. The policy could provoke retaliation from trading partners.

WORD-5: Intransigence

CONTEXT: Even when Mr. Biden seemed frustrated with Mr. Netanyahu’s intransigence, he signed a Bill offering $17 billion in defence aid to Israel.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Intransigence means being very stubborn and not wanting to change your opinion or agree with anyone else. It’s like when you refuse to switch games, even though your friends want to play something else.

MEANING: That they refuse to behave differently or to change their attitude to


SYNONYMS: Stubbornness, inflexibility, obstinacy, unyieldingness, rigidity, adamance.

1. The negotiations failed because of the intransigence of both sides.
2. His intransigence on the issue made it difficult to reach an agreement.
3. Political intransigence is blocking the path to peace.
4. She was known for her intransigence during debates.

WORD-6: Debilitating

CONTEXT: Mr. Biden’s words and diplomatic efforts for truce are actually not matched by strong actions to pressure Israel. And, by continuing to arm and bankroll Israel’s genocidal war on Palestinians, Mr. Biden is debilitating his own moral arguments about foreign policy.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Debilitating means something that makes you weak or unable to do things normally. It’s like being so tired that you can’t even play.

MEANING: Causing weakness or reduced ability (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: dee-BIL-i-tay-ting

SYNONYMS: Weakening, disabling, enfeebling, draining, exhausting, incapacitating.

1. The disease is highly debilitating and affects daily activities.
2. She is recovering from a debilitating injury.
3. The heat was so debilitating that we couldn’t go outside.
4. Debilitating symptoms can lead to depression.


WORD-7: Sullying

CONTEXT: Mr. Biden’s inability to rein in Israel is weakening America’s standing in West Asia and sullying his already fragile candidacy in the U.S. presidential elections in November.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Sullying means to make something dirty or spoil its good reputation. It’s like when you accidentally get mud on a clean dress.

MEANING: Damaging the purity or integrity of something (verb).


SYNONYMS: Tarnishing, besmirching, staining, defiling, soiling, contaminating.

1. He regretted the comments that sullied his reputation.
2. The scandal sullied the company’s image.
3. They were accused of sullying the purity of the sport.
4. The river was sullied by pollution.


WORD-8: Dichotomy

CONTEXT: This dichotomy has profound implications for New Delhi’s global aspirations

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Dichotomy is when there are two things that are completely opposite or very different from each other. It’s like having only two choices: yes or no, with nothing in between.

MEANING: A division or contrast between two things that are entirely different (noun).


SYNONYMS: Contrast, split, division, bifurcation, polarity, difference.

1. The dichotomy between good and evil is often explored in literature.
2. There is a clear dichotomy in her writings between fact and fiction.
3. The conference discussed the dichotomy between science and religion.
4. He was fascinated by the dichotomy of the ancient and modern worlds.


WORD-9: Perplexing

CONTEXT: One of the deeply perplexing paradoxes of contemporary Indian foreign policy is that a globally rising India is also a regionally declining power.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Perplexing means something that is very confusing and hard to understand. It’s like a puzzle that you can’t find the last piece for, no matter how hard you look.

MEANING: Completely baffling; very puzzling (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Confusing, puzzling, bewildering, mystifying, confounding, incomprehensible.

1. The problem was so perplexing that it took hours to solve.
2. She found his behavior utterly perplexing.
3. The instructions were written in a perplexing manner.
4. The sudden change in policy was perplexing to many.


WORD-10: Extraneous

CONTEXT: This comparative decline, not an absolute one, caused by several extraneous factors, will have an impact on India’s global position over time.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Extraneous means something that is not necessary or not a part of something. It’s like having extra pieces that don’t fit into your toy set.

MEANING: Irrelevant or unrelated to the subject being dealt with (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Irrelevant, inessential, unnecessary, superfluous, incidental, peripheral.

1. The editor removed all extraneous information from the article.
2. Try not to include any extraneous details in your report.
3. The discussion was bogged down by too many extraneous arguments.
4. He focused on removing all extraneous costs from the budget.



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