Daily Vocabulary from ‘The Hindu’: November 23, 2023

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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
Hi there. Welcome to this special section @ Wordpandit.
Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
Visit the website daily to learn words from The Hindu.

WORD-1: Preliminary

CONTEXT: The preliminary assessment by state authorities suggested that this would be such a drawn-out and challenging exercise.
SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Preliminary is like when you start something, but it’s not the full thing yet. It’s like when you do a practice run or a warm-up before the real game starts. You’re just getting ready for the big thing.

MEANING: An initial step or action taken to prepare or introduce something, usually before the main or more important part starts (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: pre-lim-i-nar-y

SYNONYMS: Introductory, Initial, Preparatory, Early, First, Opening

1. We had a preliminary meeting to discuss the project.
2. The athletes are competing in the preliminary rounds.
3. Before the experiment, we did some preliminary tests.
4. They released a preliminary report on the study’s findings.

WORD-2: Entrapped

CONTEXT: The entrapped workers and their families are undergoing extreme psychological stress.
SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Entrapped is like getting caught in something and you can’t get out. It’s like when you play hide and seek and end up hiding in a spot where you can’t move or escape.

MEANING: Caught or trapped in a difficult or harmful situation (verb).


SYNONYMS: Trapped, Snared, Caught, Ensnared, Captured, Imprisoned

1. The animal was entrapped in the net.
2. He felt entrapped in his job with no way out.
3. The law was designed to entrap criminals.
4. She was entrapped by her own lies.

WORD-3: Commenced

CONTEXT: This suggests that this was a project that ought not to have commenced in the first place.
SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Commenced means to start something. It’s like when you begin a race or start playing a game.

MEANING: Began or started something (verb).


SYNONYMS: Began, Started, Initiated, Launched, Opened, Undertook

1. The ceremony commenced with a speech.
2. They commenced building the house in spring.
3. The meeting will commence at 10 a.m.
4. She commenced her career in the arts.


WORD-4: Churning

CONTEXT: A sign of significant socioeconomic churning in various parts of India, there have been demands for reservation by communities that are known to be politically dominant and are not traditionally classified as “backward”.
SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Churning is when something is stirred or moved around a lot. It’s like when you shake a bottle of juice to mix it up before drinking.

MEANING: Vigorously mixing or stirring something, often creating turbulence (verb).


SYNONYMS: Stirring, Agitating, Whirling, Swirling, Mixing, Beating

1. The sea was churning due to the storm.
2. His stomach was churning with nerves.
3. The machine was churning the ingredients together.
4. Her mind was churning with ideas.

WORD-5: Resentment

CONTEXT: The prolonged nature of the recurring agrarian crisis in the State has given rise to resentment and the demand for reservations.
SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Resentment is feeling upset or angry because you think someone has been unfair to you. It’s like when someone gets a bigger piece of cake than you, and you feel it’s not fair.

MEANING: A feeling of anger or displeasure about someone or something unfair (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: re-sent-ment

SYNONYMS: Bitterness, Grudge, Indignation, Discontent, Anger, Animosity

1. She harbored a deep resentment towards her boss.
2. His comments caused a lot of resentment.
3. Resentment grew among the employees.
4. He felt resentment at being overlooked.

WORD-6: Dissonance

CONTEXT: Asia and Africa seem to be in a state of permanent dissonance today, while North and South America are plagued by problems of varying magnitude.
SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Dissonance is like when things don’t match or agree with each other. It’s like hearing music that doesn’t sound good because the notes are not working together.

MEANING: A lack of agreement or harmony between things, especially in music or feelings (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: dis-so-nance

SYNONYMS: Discord, Disharmony, Conflict, Clash, Strife, Incongruity

1. There was a dissonance between their words and actions.
2. The dissonance in the music created an eerie feeling.
3. His peaceful words were in dissonance with his aggressive tone.
4. They felt emotional dissonance about the decision.


WORD-7: Seismic

CONTEXT: Boasts one of the most powerful armies in the world, is having a seismic impact across the world.
SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Seismic is something big or important that can cause a lot of changes, just like an earthquake makes the ground shake a lot.

MEANING: Relating to earthquakes or other powerful movements of the Earth’s crust, or figuratively indicating a very significant change or effect (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Earthshaking, Tremendous, Major, Significant, Groundbreaking, Monumental

1. The election results had a seismic impact on the country’s politics.
2. Seismic waves were detected after the earthquake.
3. The report caused seismic changes in the industry.
4. Seismic activity was monitored by scientists.


WORD-8: Prolongation

CONTEXT: The prolongation of the conflict, which was not expected to last for more than a few weeks, to well over 18 months, represents an even more disturbing trend.
SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Prolongation means making something last longer. It’s like when you play a game and you don’t want it to end, so you keep playing for a long time.

MEANING: The action of extending the duration or length of something (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: pro-long-a-tion

SYNONYMS: Extension, Continuation, Elongation, Lengthening, Expansion, Stretching

1. The prolongation of the meeting frustrated everyone.
2. They sought the prolongation of the deadline.
3. The medicine helped in the prolongation of his life.
4. The negotiations faced a prolongation due to disagreements.


WORD-9: Detritus

CONTEXT: The two-state solution for resolving the Palestinian conflict has, in turn, been confined to the detritus of history, and the region is all set for another half a century of conflict.
SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Detritus is like the little bits and pieces left over after something is broken or used up. It’s like the crumbs left on the table after you eat a cookie.

MEANING: Waste or debris of any kind, often left over from something that has been destroyed or used up (noun).


SYNONYMS: Debris, Rubble, Remains, Waste, Scraps, Litter

1. The beach was covered in the detritus of the storm.
2. They sifted through the detritus for survivors.
3. The detritus of the demolished building was cleared away.
4. The forest floor was covered in natural detritus.


WORD-10: Overemphasised

CONTEXT: The need for extreme caution, hence, cannot be overemphasised.
SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Overemphasised means talking about something too much or making it seem more important than it really is. It’s like when you tell a story and make a small part of it sound really, really big.

MEANING: Placed too much importance or emphasis on something (verb).

PRONUNCIATION: o-ver-em-pha-sised

SYNONYMS: Exaggerated, Overstated, Amplified, Magnified, Overplayed, Overdone

1. He overemphasised the risks involved.
2. The importance of the event was overemphasised in the media.
3. She felt they had overemphasised the negative aspects.
4. His role in the project was overemphasised.



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