Daily Vocabulary from ‘The Hindu’: November 25, 2023

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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
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Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
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WORD-1: Weaning

CONTEXT: All members of the United Nations climate framework, to act on weaning their economies off fossil fuels.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Weaning is when a baby starts eating regular food instead of just drinking milk. It’s like moving from only having baby food to trying things like apples and carrots.

MEANING: The process of gradually introducing a baby or young animal to adult food and reducing their dependence on milk (noun).


SYNONYMS: Transitioning, Graduating, Accustoming, Shifting, Introducing, Adapting

1. The baby started weaning at six months old.
2. Weaning from breastfeeding can be a gradual process.
3. The mother discussed weaning strategies with the pediatrician.
4. They began weaning the puppies onto solid food.

WORD-2: Emitted

CONTEXT: Countries that rapidly industrialized in the 20th century have disproportionately emitted more carbon than their ‘fair share’ given the population sustained.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Emitted means something is sent out or given off, like when a flower gives off a smell or a light bulb gives off light.

MEANING: Gave off or released something, such as light, sound, or a smell (verb).


SYNONYMS: Released, Discharged, Radiated, Exuded, Expelled, Exhaled

1. The machine emitted a loud noise.
2. The flower emitted a sweet fragrance.
3. The lamp emitted a bright light.
4. The factory emitted harmful gases.

WORD-3: Reprisal

CONTEXT: The spirit of de-globalization, and the fear of political reprisal that heads of governments face within their constituencies.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Reprisal is when someone does something back to someone else because they were hurt or harmed first. It’s like getting even for something that was done to you.

MEANING: An act of retaliation, especially in a military or political context (noun).


SYNONYMS: Retaliation, Revenge, Payback, Vengeance, Retribution, Counterattack

1. They feared reprisals for their actions.
2. The attack was a reprisal for the earlier assault.
3. He faced reprisals after speaking out.
4. The government warned against any reprisals.

WORD-4: Conducive

CONTEXT: The current system of recruitment of district judges through the respective High Courts and other subordinate judicial officers through public service commissions is more conducive to ensuring diversity.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Conducive means helping or making something happen easier. It’s like when your room is quiet and neat, it’s easier to do your homework.

MEANING: Making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: con-du-cive

SYNONYMS: Favorable, Beneficial, Helpful, Supportive, Contributory, Advantageous

1. A quiet environment is conducive to studying.
2. The warm weather is conducive to growing plants.
3. They created a conducive atmosphere for learning.
4. The policy was not conducive to economic growth.

WORD-5: Superannuation

CONTEXT: It may appear that a national service for judges not inferior to the post of district judges, with a superannuation age of 60, will be an attractive proposition for young lawyers to apply for it.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Superannuation is like a big piggy bank where money is saved for a very long time, usually for when people are old and stop working.

MEANING: A regular payment made into a fund by an employee toward a future pension (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: su-per-an-nu-a-tion

SYNONYMS: Pension, Retirement fund, Savings, Nest egg, Provident fund, Retirement plan

1. He contributed to his superannuation fund for 30 years.
2. Her superannuation will support her in retirement.
3. Companies often offer superannuation benefits.
4. They reviewed their superannuation plan annually.


WORD-6: Astonishment

CONTEXT: By September, scientists were expressing astonishment at how much land and ocean temperatures increases.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Astonishment is when you’re really surprised or amazed by something. It’s like seeing a magic trick that makes you go “Wow!”

MEANING: Great surprise or amazement (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: as-ton-ish-ment

SYNONYMS: Amazement, Surprise, Wonder, Awe, Stupefaction, Bewilderment

1. She looked at him in astonishment.
2. His talent left the audience in astonishment.
3. They expressed astonishment at the unexpected news.
4. To her astonishment, she won the first prize.


WORD-7: Ratcheting

CONTEXT: The GST is meant to drive the ratcheting up of country pledges.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Ratcheting means making something tighter or more intense step by step. It’s like turning a knob slowly to make the music louder and louder.

MEANING: Increasing or intensifying something in stages (verb).

PRONUNCIATION: ratch-et-ing

SYNONYMS: Escalating, Increasing, Tightening, Amplifying, Intensifying, Stepping up

1. Tensions were ratcheting up in the region.
2. The company was ratcheting up its marketing efforts.
3. He felt the pressure ratcheting up as the deadline approached.
4. They were ratcheting down their expenses.


WORD-8: Benchmarking

CONTEXT: Benchmarking a country against a temperature outcome requires prior agreement on what each country can fairly be asked to do to limit emissions.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Benchmarking is like measuring something against the best to see how good it is. It’s like trying to jump as far as the longest jump you’ve seen.

MEANING: Comparing a business’s processes and performance metrics to industry bests or best practices (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: bench-mark-ing

SYNONYMS: Gauging, Comparing, Measuring, Evaluating, Assessing, Standardizing

1. The company used benchmarking to improve its processes.
2. Benchmarking against leading competitors was essential.
3. They conducted a benchmarking study.
4. Benchmarking helped them identify areas for improvement.


WORD-9: Contentious

CONTEXT: Particularly contentious is a call for a time-bound phase down of fossil fuels, but here the exact phrasing will matter.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Contentious means something that causes a lot of arguments or disagreements. It’s like a topic that makes people start arguing when it’s mentioned.

MEANING: Causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: con-ten-tious

SYNONYMS: Debatable, Disputable, Controversial, Arguable, Disagreeable, Polarizing

1. The issue was highly contentious among the group.
2. They entered into a contentious debate.
3. The policy was contentious and led to protests.
4. He was known for his contentious nature.


WORD-10: Interim

CONTEXT: Perhaps most contentious, the World Bank was agreed as an interim host of the fund, but under strict governance guidelines to provide a greater say for recipient countries.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Interim means for a short, temporary time. It’s like when a teacher is away, and a substitute teacher comes for a little while.

MEANING: A temporary or provisional arrangement, particularly in time or position (noun, adjective).


SYNONYMS: Temporary, Provisional, Interim, Transitory, Short-term, Acting

1. She was appointed as the interim manager.
2. During the interim, they found a temporary solution.
3. The interim period was used to reassess the strategy.
4. They published an interim report on the project.



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