Daily Vocabulary from ‘The Hindu’: November 26, 2023

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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
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Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
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WORD-1: Ultimatum

CONTEXT: The Maratha mobilization for reservation in higher education and public employment has reached its peak with the protesters issuing an ultimatum to the government.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine if your mom says, “Clean your room by tonight, or no video games for a week!” That’s like an ultimatum. It’s when someone tells you that you must do something or something else, often not so nice, will happen.

MEANING: A final demand or statement of terms, the rejection of which will result in retaliation or a breakdown in relations (noun).


SYNONYMS: Demand, Final offer, Final terms, Last word, Final warning

1. The boss gave an ultimatum to complete the project by Friday.
2. The teacher’s ultimatum was clear: submit the assignment or fail the class.
3. The government issued an ultimatum to the protestors.
4. He gave her an ultimatum: attend counseling or the marriage is over.

WORD-2: Retrenched

CONTEXT: These companies have either closed or have significantly retrenched their workforce.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Retrenched is like when you have too many toys and your mom says you need to keep only your favorites. It means to reduce or make smaller, like keeping fewer toys.

MEANING: To reduce costs or spending in response to economic difficulty (verb).


SYNONYMS: Reduce, Cut back, Downsize, Decrease, Slash

1. The company retrenched its workforce to save money.
2. After the recession, many families retrenched their budgets.
3. To survive the crisis, the business had to retrench.
4. Government policies led to retrenched public spending.

WORD-3: Exorbitant

CONTEXT: Private institutions charge exorbitant fees and have illegal capitation fees that range from ₹1-10 million for engineering courses, ₹20-40 million for MBBS courses, ₹5-12 million for dental courses, and about ₹30,000-50,000 for courses in arts and science colleges.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Exorbitant is like when a toy costs a lot more money than it should. It’s used to describe something that is way too expensive.

MEANING: Charging unreasonably high prices (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Expensive, Overpriced, Costly, Steep, Excessive

1. The shop was selling the toys at exorbitant prices.
2. Renting a small apartment in the city is exorbitant.
3. The exorbitant cost of healthcare worries many people.
4. She refused to pay the exorbitant fee for late registration.

WORD-4: Aggravated

CONTEXT: It is further aggravated by the disturbance of caste hierarchy norms due to the educational and economic mobility of a tiny section of Dalits, together with their social, cultural and political assertion.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Aggravated is when something bad becomes even worse, like if you have a small cut and then you fall and it gets bigger.

MEANING: Made worse or more severe (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Worsened, Intensified, Escalated, Heightened, Exacerbated

1. His rude comment aggravated the argument.
2. The traffic jam was aggravated by the road construction.
3. Her condition aggravated overnight.
4. The delay only aggravated our frustration.


WORD-5: Resilient

CONTEXT: Darwin’s notion of resilient adaptability has withstood the test of time.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Resilient is like a rubber ball that bounces back when you throw it on the ground. It means being able to become strong, happy, or successful again after a difficult situation or event.

MEANING: Able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Tough, Strong, Bouncy, Flexible, Quick to recover

1. Children are often remarkably resilient.
2. The resilient material returned to its original shape.
3. After the earthquake, the community showed great resilience.
4. Her resilient spirit helped her overcome the illness.

WORD-6: Menacing

CONTEXT: Hard security challenges in the maritime domain have acquired a new, menacing dimension.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Menacing is like a dark cloud that looks like it could bring a big storm. It means something looks dangerous or threatening.

MEANING: Suggesting the presence of danger; threatening (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Threatening, Intimidating, Frightening, Scary, Foreboding

1. The dog’s menacing growl scared the mailman.
2. Dark clouds had a menacing appearance.
3. His menacing tone made us uneasy.
4. The storm looked menacing on the horizon.


WORD-7: Reluctant

CONTEXT: Notwithstanding their espoused positions on the need for a cooperative security architecture, many littoral states are reluctant to pursue concrete solutions to the challenges at sea.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Reluctant is when you don’t really want to do something, like when you’re asked to clean your room but you’d rather play.

MEANING: Unwilling and hesitant; disinclined (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Unwilling, Hesitant, Disinclined, Resistant, Unenthusiastic

1. She was reluctant to answer the difficult question.
2. He gave a reluctant apology.
3. They were reluctant to invest in the new project.
4. The reluctant participant finally joined the game.


WORD-8: Predominant

CONTEXT: This disparity, besides the predominant rural nature of livelihoods among the poorer Marathas amid the prolonged nature of the recurring agrarian crisis in the State.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Predominant is like the most popular color in a big box of crayons. It means being the most common or the strongest in a group or situation.

MEANING: Present as the strongest or main element (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Main, Dominant, Chief, Leading, Principal

1. Blue is the predominant color in the painting.
2. She played a predominant role in the team’s success.
3. The predominant opinion was in favor of the change.
4. English is the predominant language in the country.


WORD-9: Entrapped

CONTEXT: The entrapped workers and their families are undergoing extreme psychological stress.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Entrapped is like when you build a fort and your little brother gets stuck inside. It means to be caught or trapped in a place or situation that’s hard to get out of.

MEANING: Caught or trapped, especially by trickery or deception (verb).


SYNONYMS: Trapped, Snared, Caught, Ensnared, Captured

1. The animal was entrapped in the net.
2. He felt entrapped in a job he didn’t like.
3. The spy entrapped his enemy with clever tactics.
4. The law protects consumers from being entrapped by false advertising.


WORD-10: Premised

CONTEXT: Economic growth premised on fossil fuel consumption, while cheaper per unit than renewable energy, spells disaster.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Premised is like when you start telling a story by saying, “Imagine a world where dinosaurs still live…” It’s the beginning or the base idea of your story or argument.

MEANING: Based upon or following from an earlier statement or argument (verb).


SYNONYMS: Based, Grounded, Founded, Rooted, Hinged

1. The theory is premised on solid research.
2. His argument was premised on outdated information.
3. The plan was premised on the assumption of a quick victory.
4. The novel is premised on a fascinating concept.




Title: “Enrich Your Lingual Journey: Mastering ‘Vocabulary'”

Language is a confluence of thoughts, emotions, and experiences that find vibrant expression through words. In this spectrum, ‘vocabulary’ shines as a critical aspect that shapes and directs our language proficiency. It offers depth, nuance, and clarity to our expressions. However, mastering ‘vocabulary’ is an art that requires a strategized approach.

An intensive strategy for learning ‘vocabulary’ goes beyond the limiting precincts of memorization. Instead, it nudges learners towards comprehension and application. To understand ‘vocabulary’, take a step forward from traditional textbooks and classroom sessions, and embrace the vast world of books, articles, podcasts or digital content in the language you are learning. This step allows you to understand words in context, see how they are used in different situations, and absorb words as part of the natural flow of language.

As you journey through ‘vocabulary’, remember that this expedition should not be a race. Rather, it’s a marathon where pacing yourself is pivotal to long-term success. Learning a few words each day and consolidating your knowledge through regular revision tends to be more effective, as it prevents cognitive overload and promotes solid retention.

Interactive learning tools can provide valuable support in assimilating ‘vocabulary’. Use of flashcards, language-learning apps, or memory-enhancing software can make this process more engaging and effective, reinforcing the ‘vocabulary’ in your memory.

Lastly, practice is an incontrovertible part of mastering ‘vocabulary’. Utilize the learnt vocabulary in your daily conversations, write-ups, or presentations to ensure an active application. Doing this fosters recall and cements understanding.

In summation, learning ‘vocabulary’ is a journey that should be embraced with an integrated approach, where understanding and application are the key elements. By engaging with diverse learning resources, pacing the learning process, employing interactive learning tools, and practicing regularly, the journey of mastering ‘vocabulary’ becomes a fulfilling and enriching experience.


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