Daily Vocabulary from ‘The Hindu’: November 5, 2023

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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
Hi there. Welcome to this special section @ Wordpandit.
Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
Visit the website daily to learn words from The Hindu.

WORD-1: Unfettered

CONTEXT: Misinformation and its more malicious variant, disinformation, have been the bane of today’s unfettered communication system.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you have a kite and you want it to fly high in the sky. But there’s a string attached to it that keeps it close to the ground. If you cut that string, the kite can fly wherever it wants without anything holding it back. That’s what “unfettered” means – something that’s free and not held back by anything.

MEANING: Free from restrictions or restraints (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Unrestrained, Unhindered, Unbound, Liberated, Free, Unchained, Unrestricted

1. She had an unfettered spirit that couldn’t be tamed.
2. The artist had unfettered creativity in his new studio.
3. The bird flew unfettered in the open sky.
4. With the chains broken, he felt truly unfettered.

WORD-2: Retrograde

CONTEXT: The governments to deem themselves or units constituted by them as the adjudicator of what is false is a retrograde move as an interested party deciding upon what is factual or not is problematic.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you are walking forward, but then suddenly you start walking backward. “Retrograde” is like walking backward instead of going forward.

MEANING: Moving backward or deteriorating in condition (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Regressive, Backward, Reverting, Declining, Degenerating, Reverse, Receding

1. The company’s decision seemed like a retrograde step.
2. The planet appears to move in a retrograde motion at times.
3. His health took a retrograde turn.
4. The retrograde policies were unpopular among the public.


WORD-3: Infringed

CONTEXT: It infringed upon freedom of speech and expression guaranteed under Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you have a special toy, and you told your friend not to touch it. But if your friend plays with it without asking you, they’ve done something they shouldn’t. That’s like “infringing” – when someone does something they shouldn’t.

MEANING: To break or violate a rule, law, or right (verb).


SYNONYMS: Breached, Violated, Transgressed, Contravened, Trespassed, Overstepped, Invaded

1. He infringed the copyright by copying the song.
2. The company was sued for infringed patents.
3. She felt her privacy was infringed upon.
4. They infringed the rules by entering the restricted area.

WORD-4: Reluctant

CONTEXT: Foreign trained Indians are generally reluctant to return to uncompetitive salaries.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you don’t want to eat your vegetables, even though you know they’re good for you. You’re feeling “reluctant.” It means you’re not sure or don’t really want to do something.

MEANING: Unwilling or hesitant to do something (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Hesitant, Unsure, Unwilling, Indecisive, Reserved, Doubtful, Undecided

1. She was reluctant to try the new food.
2. The cat was reluctant to go near the water.
3. He felt reluctant about making the big decision.
4. Despite being reluctant, he joined the team.


WORD-5: Protrudes

CONTEXT: This camera module protrudes slightly, causing wobbling when the phone is on a surface and obstructing one-handed usage with the cover screen.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you have a pop-up book. When you open it, some parts of the picture stick out from the page. That’s like “protrudes.” It means something is sticking out from somewhere.

MEANING: To stick out or extend outward (verb).


SYNONYMS: Juts, Sticks out, Extends, Projects, Bulges, Overhangs, Pokes out

1. The nail protrudes from the wall.
2. His pocket had a pen that protrudes noticeably.
3. The mountain protrudes above the clouds.
4. The branch protrudes into the pathway.


WORD-6: Seamlessly

CONTEXT: The cover screen supports over 40 popular apps like Google Maps, WhatsApp, Twitter, and more, and they work seamlessly without distortions or black bars.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you have a puzzle, and when you put all the pieces together, you can’t see where one piece ends and the next one starts. That’s like “seamlessly.” It means things fit together perfectly without any gaps.

MEANING: Smoothly and without any interruptions or obvious joins (adverb).


SYNONYMS: Smoothly, Flawlessly, Continuously, Uninterruptedly, Perfectly, Cohesively, Effortlessly

1. The two teams worked seamlessly together.
2. The software integrates seamlessly with the operating system.
3. The transition between scenes was done seamlessly.

4. The fabrics blended seamlessly in the quilt.

WORD-7: Acquisitions

CONTEXT: The primary obstacles have been challenges related to land acquisitions and public interest litigations.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you have a toy collection, and every time you get a new toy, you add it to your collection. Those new toys you get are like “acquisitions.” It’s a fancy word for things you get or obtain.

MEANING: Things that someone obtains or buys (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: ak-wuh-ZI-shuns

SYNONYMS: Purchases, Procurements, Gains, Additions, Buyouts, Takeovers, Obtentions

1. The museum had several new acquisitions this year.
2. The company made two major acquisitions last month.
3. Her latest acquisitions were rare stamps from Asia.
4. The acquisitions department is responsible for obtaining new materials.

WORD-8: Nuisance

CONTEXT: A security nuisance and move on with Arab peace plans, shaping “the new Middle East”, with the blessings of Washington.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine there’s a fly buzzing around you when you’re trying to read a book, and it keeps distracting you. That fly is a “nuisance.” It’s something that’s annoying or causes trouble.

MEANING: Something or someone that is annoying or causes trouble (noun).


SYNONYMS: Annoyance, Irritation, Disturbance, Inconvenience, Bother, Pest, Trouble

1. The noisy neighbors are such a nuisance.
2. Mosquitoes can be a real nuisance in the summer.
3. The broken printer is becoming a nuisance in the office.
4. Constant advertisements can be a nuisance for users.


WORD-9: Convergence

CONTEXT: A global order must reflect two criteria: one, convergence of views among the major powers of the day and two, it must also seek to provide a global public good.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine two paths in a park that start from different places but meet at one point. Where they meet is called “convergence.” It’s like when different things come together at one spot.

MEANING: The process or state of coming together from different directions to meet at one point (noun).


SYNONYMS: Meeting, Junction, Confluence, Union, Intersection, Merging, Fusion

1. The convergence of the two rivers creates a beautiful delta.
2. The conference promotes the convergence of ideas.
3. The city is a convergence of multiple cultures.
4. There’s a convergence of technology and art in modern design.


WORD-10: Prerequisite

CONTEXT: The image of shattered solar panels in Gaza amid billowing smoke is a grim reminder that peace is a prerequisite for progress.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you want to build a big tower using blocks. But before you can build the big tower, you need a strong base. That strong base is like a “prerequisite.” It’s something you need to have or do before you can do something else.

MEANING: Something that is required or necessary as a prior condition (noun).


SYNONYMS: Requirement, Necessity, Condition, Essential, Precondition, Must-have, Need

1. A good education is a prerequisite for many jobs.
2. Having a driver’s license is a prerequisite for this position.
3. The software has several prerequisites before installation.
4. Mastery of basics is a prerequisite for advanced training.



vocabulary cards

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