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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
Hi there. Welcome to this special section @ Wordpandit.
Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
Visit the website daily to learn words from The Hindu.

 

WORD-1: CLEAVAGES

CONTEXT: The socio-political cleavages in the region have been exacerbated by recent policy decisions, leading to heightened tensions.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you have a big cookie and you break it into two parts. Now, you can see a space or a gap between those two parts. That space or split is called a cleavage. It’s like a line where something gets divided.

MEANING: The split or gap formed when something is divided (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: klee-vijz

SYNONYMS: Split, rift, crack, fissure, division, break, chasm.

USAGE EXAMPLE:
1. The rock had a large cleavage down its middle.
2. The scientist studied the cleavages in the minerals.
3. Earthquakes can cause cleavages in the ground.
4. The dress had a design highlighting the cleavage in the fabric.

WORD-2: CULPABLE

CONTEXT: After an extensive investigation, the board declared three senior officials culpable for the financial discrepancies.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you took a cookie without asking and mom found out. If you did something wrong, and you can be blamed for it, you’re culpable. It’s like being responsible for a mistake.

MEANING: Deserving blame or censure as being wrong or evil (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: kul-puh-bul

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SYNONYMS: Guilty, blameworthy, liable, responsible, at fault, accountable, answerable.
USAGE EXAMPLE:
1. John was found culpable for breaking the vase.
2. Parents should not be held culpable for every mistake their child makes.
3. The company was deemed culpable for the pollution.
4. The jury had to decide if the defendant was culpable.

WORD-3: MULTIPRONGED

CONTEXT: The government introduced a multipronged strategy to address the rising unemployment rates, encompassing education, skill training, and infrastructure development.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you have a fork, and it has many pointy parts called prongs. If you have a plan or idea with many parts, just like the prongs on a fork, you can say it’s multipronged.

MEANING: Having multiple elements or approaches to address an issue (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: mul-ti-prongd

SYNONYMS: Multifaceted, diverse, manifold, multi-aspect, varied, compound, multiple.

USAGE EXAMPLE:
1. The company launched a multipronged marketing campaign.
2. A multipronged approach was taken to solve the city’s traffic problem.
3. The teacher used a multipronged method to help all the students learn.
4. The government has a multipronged plan for healthcare.

 

WORD-4: FLOURISH

CONTEXT: Traditional arts and crafts continue to flourish in the rural heartlands, thanks to the collective efforts of artisans and NGOs.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine a plant growing big, strong, and beautiful with lots of flowers and leaves. That’s like flourishing. When something flourishes, it grows well or becomes very successful.

MEANING: To grow or develop in a healthy and strong way (verb); a bold or extravagant gesture or action (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: flur-ish

SYNONYMS: Thrive, prosper, bloom, burgeon, expand, boom.

USAGE EXAMPLE:
1. The small plant began to flourish once it received enough sunlight.
2. The artist’s work began to flourish after years of hard work.
3. With a flourish of his pen, he signed the agreement.
4. The city began to flourish due to trade.

 

WORD-5: DISCERN

CONTEXT: It is crucial for the public to discern between authentic news sources and the deluge of misinformation circulating online.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you’re trying to find a tiny star in the sky. You need to look closely and carefully to see it. When you can notice or understand something that’s not easy to see or understand, you discern it.

MEANING: To recognize or understand something not immediately obvious (verb).

PRONUNCIATION: dih-zurn

SYNONYMS: Detect, perceive, notice, observe, recognize, distinguish.

USAGE EXAMPLE:
1. From the mountaintop, she could discern the tiny houses below.
2. It’s difficult to discern the truth when there are so many rumors.
3. With practice, he learned to discern the different bird calls.
4. As a detective, she was trained to discern clues.

WORD-6: AMICABLE

CONTEXT: The two neighbouring states reached an amicable agreement on water-sharing after months of negotiations.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine two friends sharing a toy and playing nicely. They’re being friendly and not fighting. When people or things are friendly and peaceful, they’re amicable.

MEANING: Characterized by friendliness and absence of discord (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: am-ih-kuh-bul

SYNONYMS: Friendly, cordial, harmonious, congenial, good-natured, civil, cooperative.

USAGE EXAMPLE:
1. The two neighbors had an amicable conversation over tea.
2. The two companies reached an amicable agreement.
3. Despite their differences, the teams had an amicable relationship.
4. They decided to separate but remained in amicable terms.

 

WORD-7: ENSHRINING

CONTEXT: The proposed bill aims at enshrining the rights of the indigenous communities, offering them protection against exploitation.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you have a special toy or picture that you want to keep safe. So, you put it in a special box or frame where everyone can see it and remember it. That’s like enshrining something. You’re making it special and protected.

MEANING: To protect and respect something by putting it in a special place or within a particular law or agreement (verb).

PRONUNCIATION: en-shry-ning

SYNONYMS: Preserve, protect, treasure, consecrate, honor, venerate, sanctify.

USAGE EXAMPLE:
1. The constitution enshrines the rights of the citizens.
2. They enshrined their love in a beautiful song.
3. The museum enshrined the artifact in a glass case.
4. The values are enshrined in the company’s mission statement.

 

WORD-8: ESTEEMED

CONTEXT: The lecture series will feature several esteemed scholars discussing the future of sustainable urban development.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine someone you look up to and think is really great, like a superhero. When you respect someone a lot and think highly of them, you consider them esteemed.

MEANING: Respected and admired (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: es-teemd

SYNONYMS: Respected, honored, admired, prestigious, regarded, celebrated, venerated.

USAGE EXAMPLE:
1. The esteemed author visited our school today.
2. She is an esteemed member of the community.
3. His work is highly esteemed in the art world.
4. The prize was awarded to the esteemed scientist.

WORD-9: MARAUDING

CONTEXT: Villagers live in fear of the marauding elephants, which have been entering human settlements in search of food due to habitat loss.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine a group of pirates searching for treasure and taking things without asking. They’re kind of like bullies. Marauding means going around and causing trouble or stealing things.

MEANING: Going about in search of things to steal or people to attack
(adjective or verb).

PRONUNCIATION: muh-rau-ding

SYNONYMS: Pillaging, raiding, plundering, looting, rampaging, ravaging, ransacking.

USAGE EXAMPLE:
1. Marauding pirates often targeted merchant ships.
2. Villagers lived in fear of the marauding bandits.
3. The castle was built to protect against marauding invaders.
4. The farmer chased away the marauding animals that were eating his crops.

 

WORD-10: RAGGED

CONTEXT: The ragged landscapes of the mountainous region, shaped by centuries of erosion, have become a draw for trekkers and nature enthusiasts.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine an old teddy bear with lots of patches, loose threads, and worn-out parts. That teddy bear looks ragged. Ragged means something looks old, torn, or worn out.

MEANING: Torn or frayed, often because of wear or rough use (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: rag-ed

SYNONYMS: Tattered, worn, frayed, threadbare, shredded, torn, moth-eaten.

USAGE EXAMPLE:
1. He wore a ragged shirt that had seen better days.
2. The book had a ragged cover, hinting at its frequent use.
3. The flag was ragged after years of flying in all weather conditions.
4. The child’s ragged toy was a sign of its sentimental value.

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