Daily Vocabulary from The Hindu: September 28, 2019

Content Ad 002

1. Replete
• Filled or well-supplied with something.
Usage: Sensational popular fiction, replete with adultery and sudden death.

2. Shibboleth
• A word or saying used by adherents of a party, sect, or belief and usually regarded by others as empty of real meaning
• A custom, principle, or belief distinguishing a particular class or group of people, especially a long-standing one regarded as outmoded or no longer important.
Usage: There is some truth in the shibboleth that crime does not pay.

3. Qui vive
• On the alert or lookout.
Usage: Duty requires the earnest liberal to spend most of his time on the qui vive for fascism.

4. Habeas Corpus
• A writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person’s release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention.
Usage: He filed a writ of habeas corpus to withdraw his guilty plea.

5. Sagacious
• Having or showing keen mental discernment and good judgement.
• Wise or shrewd.
Usage: They were sagacious enough to avoid any outright confrontation.

6. Condonation
• Implied pardon of an offense by treating the offender as if it had not been committed.
• Condonation is a defence argument sometimes made when an accuser has previously forgiven or chosen to ignore an act about which they are now legally complaining.
• In some legal jurisdictions, and for certain behaviours, it may prevent the accuser from prevailing.
Usage: We, as prudent managers of our shareholder’s resources, cannot agree to a condonation.

7. Carte Blanche
• Complete freedom to act as one’s wish.
Usage: The architect given carte blanche to design the store.

8. Preventive detention
• The imprisonment of a person with the aim of preventing them from committing further offences or of maintaining public order.

9. Custodial Interrogations
• A custodial interrogation is a situation in which the suspect’s freedom of movement is restrained, even if he is not under arrest.
• A non-custodial interrogation is the gathering of information by police from a person that is not yet officially considered a suspect for the offense being investigated. An interviewee is not in police custody and is free to leave at any time.
Usage: Before starting a custodial interrogation, a police officer must provide the suspect with a Miranda warning.

10. Encomiums
• A speech or piece of writing that praises someone or something highly.
Usage: His book received encomiums from literary critics.

11. Aphoristic
• An aphorism is a concise, terse, laconic, and/or memorable expression of a general truth or principle.
Usage: His sermons were richly aphoristic.

12. Hot on someone’s heels
• Following closely behind someone.
Usage: The two men were running with a police officer hot on their heels.

13. Exigent
• Pressing or demanding.
Usage: The exigent demands of her contemporaries’ music took a toll on her voice.

Exit mobile version