**Directions (1-5):** Read the following pie-chart for the year 1998 and answer the questions given below it.

*Please note: savings is not a part of expenditure. *

**Question 1: **If the total amount spent during the year 1998 was Rs.46000, the amount spent on food was:

(a) Rs.2000

(b) Rs.12447

(c) Rs.23000

(d) Rs.2300

**Question 2:** If the total amount spent was Rs.46000, how much was spent on clothing and housing together?

(a) Rs.11500

(b) Rs.11050

(c) Rs.13529

(d) Rs.15000

**Question 3:** The ratio of the total amount of money spent on housing to that spent on education was:

(a) 5: 2

(b) 2: 5

(c) 4: 5

(d) 5: 4

**Question 4:** The given pie-chart shows that the maximum amount was spent on:

(a) Food

(b) Housing

(c) Clothing

(d) Others

**Question 5:** If the total expenditure of the family for the year 1998 was Rs.46000, the amount the family saved during the year is:

(a) Rs.1500

(b) Rs.15000

(c) Rs.6900

(d) Rs.8117

### Answers and Explanations

**Answer 1: b**

The total amount spent = Rs 46000

This is 85% of the above pie chart.

The value in the pie-chart= Rs 46000/.85 = Rs. 54118

The amount spent on food was =23% of 54118= (23/100)x46000 = Rs. 12447

**Answer 2: c**

The total amount spent = Rs 46000

This is 85% of the above pie chart.

The value in the pie-chart= Rs 46000/.85 = Rs. 54118

Total share of clothing and housing = 10% + 15% = 25%

The total amount spent on clothing and housing = 25% of 54118 = (25/100) x 46000= Rs. 13529

Hence, the correct option is (c).

**Answer 3: d**

The data is given as a pie chart. So to calculate the ratio of the amount spent, we do not need the actual amount spent as it will be cancelled out in the final calculations.

The amount spent on housing is 15% and on education is 12% of the total.

Hence, the required ratio is 15: 12 = 5: 4. The correct option is (d).

**Answer 4: a** The sector which has the maximum percentage share in the pie chart showcases maximum amount spent. According to the graph, the maximum amount was spent on food which was 23% of the total gives (that is expenditure and saving). Since the individual expenditure is being calculated of the value given in the pie-chart, the individual expenses will be in the same ratio as that given in the pie-chart. The correct option is (a).

**Answer 5: d**

The total amount spent = Rs 46000

This is 85% of the above pie chart.

The value in the pie-chart= Rs 46000/.85 = Rs. 54118

Savings of the family = 15 % of 54118 = (15/100) x 46000 = Rs. 8117

The correct option is (d).

set 1

1) b

2) a

3) d

4) a

5) c

Thank you for sharing. helped me matching the answers 🙂

CAN SOM1 HELP ME,HOW TO SOLVE THIS.

THANKS

do you have answers for this

1. A 4. B

3 4 & 5 are interlinked need to answer 3

A,A,D,B,A

explain pls 🙂

Good trick for Q3.

why is saving treated as an expense in the answers?

for eg in case of food (23%) which is technically out of 85% because all other are expenses except savings. so wont we have to calculate out of 100% for each expenditure b cross multiplication? (for eg in case of food- 100 * 23/85)

I also think so, it should not have been the expense. instead 46k should have been the total income.

BADAC

I didnt get it.. spent 46000.. it means excluding saving… why saving is included in expenses?admin plz reply

if someones salary is 100 rs then 15% saving allows him to spend only 85 so the saving is excluded

I was also stuck on same thing

The given chart represents overall income not the expenditure