 Directions: The pie chart drawn below shows the expenses of a family on various items and its savings during the year 2001. Study the graph and answer the questions.

Question 1: The maximum expenditure of the family was on

(a) Food
(b) Housing
(c) Education of children
(d) Other items

Question 2: The total savings of the family for the year were equal to the expenditure on
(a) Food
(b) Clothing
(c) Housing
(d) Other items including transport

Question 3: What percent of the income was spent on transport and other items together?
(a) 25%
(b) 20%
(c) 30%
(d) 32%

Question 4: If the total income of the family was Rs.100000, how much money was spent on the education of the children?
(a) Rs.10000
(b) Rs.12000
(c) Rs.15000
(d) Rs.23000

Question 5: If the total income for the year was Rs.100000, the difference of the expenses (in rupees) between housing and transport was
(a) 15000
(b) 12000
(c) 7000
(d) 10000

Answer 1: a The sector which has the maximum percentage share in the pie chart has maximum amount spent. According to the graph, the maximum amount was spent on food which was 23% of the total expenditure. Hence, the correct answer is option a.

Answer 2: c The total saving of the family is 15% of total expenditure which same as the expenditure on housing. Hence, the correct answer is option c.

Answer 3: a We can check from the pie chart that the sum of the percentages of the sectors of transport and other items together is 25% of the total expenditure. Hence, 25% of the total income was spent on transport and other items together. Hence, the correct answer is option a.

Answer 4: b The education expense constitutes 12% of the total expenditure.

Hence, expenditure on education = (12/100)x 100000= Rs. 12000

Hence, the correct answer is option b.

Answer 5: d The difference in the percentage values of the housing and transport costs is 15% – 5% = 10%

Hence, the required difference = (10/100)x 100000= Rs. 10000

Hence, the correct answer is option d.