**DIRECTION :** In 1990 – 91, value of exports of manufactured articles exceeds over the value of exports of raw materials by 100%. In 1991 – 92, the ratio of % of exports of raw material to that of exports of manufactured articles is 3 : 4. Value of Exports of food in 1991 – 92 exceeds the 1990– 91 figures by Rs. 1006 crore.

**Question 1. **During 1990 – 91, how much more raw material than food was exported?

(a) Rs. 2580 crore

(b) Rs. 896 crore

(c) Rs. 1986 crore

(d) Rs. 1852 crore

**Question 2. ** In 1990 –91 what percentage of total values of exports accounts for items related to food?

(a) 23%

(b) 29.2%

(c) 32%

(d) 22%

**Question 3. ** Value of exports of raw materials during 90 – 91 was how much percent less than that for 91 – 92?

(a) 39

(b) 46.18

(c) 7

(d) 31.6

**Question 4. **The change in value of exports of manufactured articles from 1990 – 91 to 1991 – 92 is

(a) 296 crore

(b) 629 crore

(c) 2064 crore

(d) 1792 crore

### Answers and Explanations

**Answer for 1 to 4** From the data that is given we can find the following data-
The starting point for filling the data in the vacant columns of the given table should from food’ export value. We know that in 1991-92, value of food export is 23% of 25800= 5934. Now as it is given that this figure is 1006 cr more than last year’s value, hence value of food in 1990-91 is 4928. (The rest of the explanation of how the following values were arrived at is given after the table).

**Answer 1. (B)**

The Value of Manufactured articles & Raw materials exports In 90-91, = (22400 – 4928) = Rs.17472 crores. Since Export in manufactured goods is twice that of raw materials,

Therefore the ratio of export of manufactured goods and raw materials is 2:1

Therefore export of manufactured goods = Rs.11648 crores and Raw materials = Rs.5824 crores.

Hence the difference between raw material and food = (5824 – 4928) = Rs.896 crores.

**Answer 2. (D)**

The exports related to food in 91-92 = 0.23 x 25800 = 5934.

Therefore the exports related to food 1990-91 = (5934 – 1006) = 4928.

Therefore the percentage food related exports in 90-91 = 4928/22400 = 22%.

**Answer 3. (D)**

The combined percentage of Manufactured articles and Raw materials in 91-92 = 77%

The ratio will be 4 : 3.

Therefore the percentage of Manufactured articles export = 44%

And the percentage of Raw materials export = 33%.

Therefore value of manufactured articles = 0.44 x 25800 = Rs.11352 crores

And the value of Raw materials = Rs.8514 crores.

Therefore the percentage difference between the value of Raw materials between 90-91 and 91-92 = [(8514 – 5824)/8514] × 100 = 31.6%

**Answer 4. (A)**

Change = (11648 – 11352) = Rs.296 crores.