**Directions for question 1 to 4:** Follow the bar graph and answer the following question

**Question 1. ** In which year out of the following was the trade deficit lowest?

a. 1987-88

b. 1988-89

c. 1990-91

d. 1993-94

**Question 2. **In how many years was the trade deficit more than the trade deficit in the succeeding year?

a. 1

b. 2

c. 3

d. 4

**Question 3.** Export earnings in 1991-92 is how many percent of imports in 1992-93?

a. 82%

b. 85%

c. 81.81%

d. 15%

**Question 4. **In the last 2 years the total export earnings have accounted for how many per cent of the value of the imports?

a. 80%

b. 88%

c. 95%

d. 90%

### Answers and Explanations

By analyzing the data in the given bar graph, we can construct the following table:

**Answer 1. (D)**

We have calculated the trade deficit for the given years in the table above using the formula:

Trade deficit = Imports – Exports

∴By analyzing the table we can say that Trade Deficitis lowest for the year 1993-94 and for years 1991-92, i.e. 2 billion dollars. Hence, out of the given options, 1993-94 becomes the right answer.

**Answer 2. (C)**

From the table we can conclude that trade deficit is more than the trade deficit in the succeeding years in 1988-89, 1990-91, 1992 -93 i.e.for 3 years.

**Answer 3. (C)**

From the table above we know the following:

Export earnings in 1991-92 = 18 billion dollars

Import earnings in 1992-93 = 22 billion dollars

Required percentage = 18/22× 100= 81.81%

**Answer 4. (D)**

In last 2 years, Imports = (23 + 27) = 50 and Exports = (21 + 24) = 45

∴ required percentage = 45/50 × 100 = 90 %