The following table gives the national income and the population of a country for the years 1984 – 85to 1989 – 90. For each of the following questions choose the best alternative:

**Question 1:** The increase in the per capita income compared to the previous year is lowest for the year:

(a) 1985-86

(b) 1986-87

(c) 1987-88

(d) 1989-90

**Question 2:** The per capita income is highest for the year:

(a) 1984-85

(b) 1985-86

(c) 1987-88

(d) 1989-90

**Question 3:** The difference between the percentage increase in per capita income and the percentage increase in the population compared to the previous year is highest for the year:

(a) 1985-86

(b) 1986-87

(c) 1987-88

(d) 1988-89

**Question 4:** The rate of increase in population was lowest in the year:

(a) 1985-86

(b) 1987-88

(c) 1989-90

(d) None of these

**Question 5:** Increase in the per capita income compared to the previous year among the years given below was highest for theyear:

(a) 1985-86

(b) 1986-87

(c) 1987-88

(d) 1989-90

### Answers and Explanations

**Answer 1: (b)**

We can make the following calculation: Per Capita Income= (National Income) / (Population)

The table highlights the calculated values:

The increase is lowest for the year 1986 – 87 = Rs. 304 .12

**Answer 2: (d)**

We can make the following calculation: Per Capita Income=(National Income) / (Population)

The table highlights the calculated values:

We can see from the above table that the Per Capita Income is highest for the year 1989 – 90 = (433,500/81.5)= Rs. 5319

**Answer 3: (d)**

We extend the above table and make the following calculations:

Hence it is highest for the year 1988-89 viz.13.65

**Answer 4: (a)**

We can use the table for question three in this question. We can see that the rate of increase of population is lowest for the year 1985- 86 i.e 1.35%

**Answer 5: (d)**

From the table for question 1, we can see that the increase in per capita income compared to previous year is highest for the year 1989-90.