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Definition & Meaning: Eco- Word Root

The Eco- Root Word is a combining form representing Ecology, dealing with the relations of organisms to one another and their physical surroundings. Several terms in science use the prefix in this strict sense:

  • Eco-system: A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
  • Eco-sphere: The biosphere of the earth or another planet, especially when the interaction between the living and non-living components is emphasized.
  • Ecotype: A distinct form or race of a plant or animal species occupying a particular habitat.

The prefix is more commonly used in a broader sense that refers to the natural environment, especially something that aids its preservation. In this sense, it is intimately linked to green issues and the environmentalist movement. For instance:

  • Eco-friendly: Not harmful to the environment.
  • Ecotourism: Tourism directed towards exotic, often threatened, natural environments, especially to support conservation efforts and observe wildlife.
  • Ecoterrorism: Violence carried out to further environmentalist ends.
  • Ecofeminism: A philosophical and political theory and movement combining environmental concerns with feminist ones.

Diagram showing the words Eco-system, Eco-friendly, and Ecotourism with their meanings.

Words Based on the Eco- Word Root

Following is a list of words based on the Eco- Root Word:

Commonly Used Words based on this Word Root:

  • Ecoactivist: One who actively opposes the pollution or destruction of the environment by other means.
  • Ecobabble: Using the technical language of ecology to make the user seem ecologically aware.
  • Eco-friendly: Not harmful to the environment.
  • Ecotourism: Tourism directed towards exotic, often threatened, natural environments, especially to support conservation efforts and observe wildlife.
  • Ecoterrorism: Violence carried out to further environmentalist ends.
  • Ecofeminism: A philosophical and political theory and movement which parallels and combines environmental concerns with feminist ones.

Archaic Words based on this Word Root:

  • Ecobiosis: The conditions pertaining to a mode of life within a specific habitat.
  • Ecotype: A distinct form or race of a plant or animal species occupying a particular habitat.

Technical Words/Jargon based on this Word Root:

  • Ecobiology: The study of the relationships of organisms to their natural environments.
  • Ecocatastrophe: Major damage to the environment, especially when caused by human activity.
  • Bioecological: A reference to the interrelationships between plants and animals and their abiotic environments.
  • Bioecologist: Someone who favours, or specialises in, bioecology; such as, an ecologist.
  • Bioecology: The science of organisms as affected by the factors of their environments.
  • Ecocidal: Designed or tending to destroy the environment.
  • Ecocide: Destruction or damage of the environment.
  • Ecoclimate: The climate as an ecological factor; the climate of a habitat.
  • Ecocline: Reflecting ecological conditions in general.

Related Word Roots

Here are some related word roots that carry similar meanings:

1. Bio- (Greek: ‘life’):

Meaning: Relating to life or living organisms.

  • Biology: The study of living organisms.
  • Biome: A large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occupying a major habitat.
  • Biotic: Relating to or resulting from living organisms.

2. Enviro- (Latin: ‘to surround’):

Meaning: Relating to the natural world and the impact of human activity on its condition.

  • Environment: The surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.
  • Environmentalism: Concern about and action aimed at protecting the environment.
  • Environmental: Relating to the natural world and the impact of human activity on its condition.

3. Geo- (Greek: ‘earth’):

Meaning: Relating to the earth.

  • Geography: The study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere.
  • Geology: The science that deals with the earth’s physical structure and substance.
  • Geothermal: Relating to or produced by the internal heat of the earth.

With this, the lesson on the root word Eco- comes to an end. If you learned some new words, remember to revise them often to strengthen your vocabulary. Be focused. Happy Learning!

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