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Geometry and Mensuration: Test 20

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Question 1
The side QR of an equilateral triangle PQR is produced to the point S in such a way that QR= RS and P is joined to S. Then the measure of ∠PSR is
A
30o
B
15o
C
60o
D
45o
Question 1 Explanation: 
image-1
Here ∠PRQ = 600 so ∠PRS = 1200. Now QR = PR = RS.
Hence ∠PSR = ∠RPS
Now ∠PRS + ∠PSR + ∠RPS = 1800
=>2 ∠PSR = 1800 - 1200 = 600
=> ∠PSR = 300.
Question 2
ABC is an isosceles triangle with AB= AC. A circle through B touching AC at the middle point intersects AB at P, Then AP: AB is:
A
4: 1
B
2: 3
C
3: 5
D
1: 4
Question 2 Explanation: 
$ \displaystyle \begin{array}{l}\begin{array}{*{35}{l}} AM\text{ }is\text{ }the\text{ }tangent\text{ }to\text{ }the\text{ }circle\text{ }and \\ APB\text{ }is\text{ }a\text{ }secant\text{ }to\text{ }the\text{ }circle. \\ So~AM{}^\text{2}\text{ }=\text{ }AP\text{ }*\text{ }AB \\ \end{array}\\\begin{array}{*{35}{l}} But\text{ }M\text{ }is\text{ }the\text{ }mid-point\text{ }of\text{ }AC\text{ }and \\ AC\text{ }=\text{ }AB \\ Thus\text{ }AM\text{ }=\text{ }\left( 1/2 \right)AB \\ \end{array}\\AM{}^\text{2}\text{ }=\text{ }\frac{1}{4}AB{}^\text{2}\\\begin{array}{*{35}{l}} and\text{ }we\text{ }have\text{ }got\text{ }AM{}^\text{2}\text{ }=\text{ }AP\text{ }\times \text{ }AB \\ Hence,\text{ }AP:AB\text{ }=\text{ }1:4 \\ \end{array}\end{array}$
Question 3
image-2
A
$ \displaystyle \sqrt{15}\,\,a\,\,\,unit$
B
$ \displaystyle \frac{\sqrt{15}}{2}\,\,a\,\,unit$
C
$ \displaystyle \sqrt{17}\,\,a\,\,unit$
D
$ \displaystyle \frac{\sqrt{17}}{2}\,\,a\,\,unit$
Question 3 Explanation: 
29
$ \begin{array}{l}\overline{AD}=\sqrt{{{(2a)}^{2}}-{{(\frac{a}{2})}^{2}}}\\=\frac{\sqrt{15}}{2}a\end{array}$
Question 4
AB⊥BC, BD⊥AC and CE bisects ∠C, ∠A= 30o. Then what is ∠CED?
30
A
30o
B
60o
C
45o
D
65o
Question 4 Explanation: 
$ \begin{array}{l}\angle DCB={{60}^{o}}\\=>\angle DCE={{30}^{o}}\\Thus,\\\angle DEC=90-30={{60}^{o}}\end{array}$
Question 5
The sum of interior angles of a regular polygon is 720o. The number of sides of the polygon is
A
10
B
12
C
6
D
8
Question 5 Explanation: 
$ \displaystyle \begin{array}{l}If\text{ }the\text{ }number\text{ }of\text{ }sides\text{ }of\text{ }regular\text{ }polygon\text{ }be\text{ }n,\text{ }then\\\left( 2n-4 \right)\times {{90}^{o}}={{720}^{o}}\\\Rightarrow 2n-4=\frac{720}{90}=8\\\Rightarrow 2n-4=8\\\Rightarrow 2n=12\\\Rightarrow n=6\end{array}$
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