IBPS clerk reasoning questions: IBPS clerk reasoning questions with solutions for exam practice

To crack the IBPS Clerk exam, you need to prepare accordingly and have the right material that helps you with it. IBPS clerk reasoning questions with solutions is prepared to help you in your reasoning ability preparation for both the stages of IBPS Clerk exam- Prelims and Mains. The questions can be both individual (single) and in the form of sets consisting of multiple questions. The single questions could be patterns, series, ordering, blood relations and missing numbers whereas the sets could be based on conditional combinations, arrangements, races and games. The IBPS clerk reasoning questions have been designed keeping all this in mind and tweaked to resemble past year exam questions. Hence, IBPS clerk reasoning questions will give you great practice for IBPS exam and reasoning ability sections of all exams in general.

Directions for the question set:
Choose the response that most accurately and completely answers each question.

In a local pet store, seven puppies wait to be introduced to their new owners. The puppies, named Ashi, Burma, Cumin, Darton, Emeri, Faza, and Galzar are all kept in two available Pens. Pen 1 holds three puppies, and Pen 2 holds four puppies.
1) If Galzar is kept in Pen 1, then Darton is not kept in Pen 2.
2) If Darton is not kept in Pen 2, then Galzar is kept in Pen 1.
3) If Ashi is kept in Pen 2, then Burma is not kept in Pen 2.
4) If Burma is kept in Pen 1, then Ashi is not kept in Pen 1.

Question 1: If Emeri and Faza are in different Pens, then which of the following must NOT be true?
A. Faza shares a Pen with Cumin.
B. Galzar shares a Pen with Ashi.
C. Emeri is in a higher-numbered Pen than Burma.
D. Burma shares Pen 2 with Emeri and Darton.
E. Cumin is in a higher-numbered Pen than Faza.

Question 2: Which of the following groups of puppies could be in Pen 2?
A. Galzar, Darton, Cumin, Emeri.
B. Burma, Galzar, Ashi, Darton.
C. Ashi, Galzar, Emeri, Cumin.
D. Burma, Cumin, Emeri, Faza.
E. Galzar, Ashi, Faza, Emeri.

Question 3: If Emeri shares a Pen with Faza, then which of the following MUST be true?
A. Galzar is in Pen 1 with Darton.
B. Cumin is in Pen 2.
C. Burma is in Pen 2 and Faza is in Pen 1.
D. Emeri is in Pen 1.
E. Galzar snares a Pen with Burma.

Answers and Explanations: Click the down arrow to expand

Answer 1: (E) Evaluating the first two statements, we get that Galzar and Darton will have to be kept in the first Pen provided that either of them is kept in first Pen. (OR when Darton is not kept in second Pen) From 3 & 4 statements, we can conclude that Ashi & Burma would be indifferent Pens no matter what happens.

Given that Emeri and Faza are in different Pens, we evaluate the options given to us while keeping the above conclusions in mind. Now since Galzar and Darton have to be kept together & Ashi and Burma should be kept separated, we are left with only possibility- Pen 2- Emeri + Galzar + Darton + Ashi/Burma Pen 1- Faza + Cumin + Burma/Ashi

Option A can be true as: The puppies in Pen 2 could be Emeri, Galzar, Darton and Ashi. The puppies in Pen 1 could be Faza, Cumin and Burma. Option B can be true as: The puppies in Pen 2 could be Emeri, Galzar, Darton and Ashi. The puppies in Pen 1 could be Faza, Cumin and Burma. Option C can be true as: The puppies in Pen 2 could be Emeri, Galzar, Darton and Ashi. The puppies in Pen 1 could be Faza, Cumin and Burma. Option D can be true as: The puppies in Pen 2 could be Emeri, Galzar, Darton and Burma The puppies in Pen 1 could be Faza, Cumin and Ashi.

Now since Galzar and Darton have to be kept together & Ashi and Burma should be kept separated, we are left with only possibility- Pen 2- Emeri + Galzar + Darton + Ashi/Burma Pen 1- Faza + Cumin + Burma/Ashi Hence, Option E cannot be true as it means Cumin is in Pen 2, which will make the above combinations impossible.

The correct option is (E).

Answer 2: (D) Evaluating the first two statements, we get that Galzar and Darton will have to be kept together in the first Pen provided that either of them is kept in first Pen. (OR when Darton is not kept in second Pen) From 3 & 4 statements, we can conclude that Ashi & Burma would be indifferent Pens no matter what happens. Option A: The given group of puppies cannot be in Pen 2 as Burma and Ashi cannot be together in Pen 1. Option B: The given group of puppies cannot be in Pen 2 as Burma and Ashi cannot be together in Pen 2. Option C: The given group of puppies cannot be in Pen 2 as if Darton is not kept in Pen 2, then Galzar is kept in Pen 1 and in this case Galzar is put in Pen 2. Option D: The given group of puppies can be in Pen 2. Option E: The given group of puppies cannot be in Pen 2 as if Darton is not kept in Pen 2, then Galzar is kept in Pen 1 and in this case Galzar is put in Pen 2. The correct option is (D).

Answer 3: (B) Evaluating the first two statements, we get that Galzar and Darton will have to be kept together in the first Pen provided that either of them is kept in first Pen. (OR when Darton is not kept in second Pen) From 3 & 4 statements, we can conclude that Ashi & Burma would be indifferent Pens no matter what happens.

Given that Emeri shares a Pen with Faza- Option A is not necessarily true as: The puppies in Pen 1 could be Emeri, Faza and Burma. The puppies in Pen 2 could be Galzar, Darton, Ashi and Cumin. Option B is necessarily true as: Given that Emeri and Faza are together. Also, Ashi and Burma have to be in different Pens and Galzar and Darton are in the group. So we have two combinations which should be necessarily true- 1) Pen 1- Galzar + Darton + Ashi/Burma and Pen 2- Faza + Emeri + Burma/Ashi 2) Pen 1- Faza + Emeri + Burma/Ashi And Pen 2- Galzar + Darton + Ashi/Burma Hence whatever be the case, Cumin’s will always be in Pen 2.

Option C may not be necessarily true as: The puppies in Pen 1 could be Galzar, Darton and Ashi. The puppies in Pen 2 could be Emeri, Faza, Cumin and Burma.

Option D is not necessarily true as: The puppies in Pen 1 could be Galzar, Darton and Ashi. The puppies in Pen 2 could be Emeri, Faza, Cumin and Burma.

Option E is not necessarily true as: The puppies in Pen 1 could be Galzar, Darton and Ahlen. The puppies in Pen 2 could be Emeri, Faza, Cumin and Burma.

The correct option is (B).

Extra tips for IBPS clerk reasoning questions:
• While solving IBPS clerk reasoning questions, it is very important to develop a strategy or an attempt plan that you should abide by in the exam.
• In answering some of the questions, it may be useful to draw a rough diagram.
• Practice IBPS clerk reasoning questions as soon as you are done with the syllabus to start early in preparation and have sufficient time for working on weaker areas.

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