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L.C.M. by Long Division Method:
A least common multiple of two numbers is the smallest positive number that is a multiple of both.
Multiple of 3 — 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18,…………..
Multiple of 4 — 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24,………….
So the LCM of 3 and 4 is 12, which is the lowest common multiple of 3 and 4.

An example of LCM
The LCM of 10, 20,25 is 100. It means that 100 is the lowest common multiple of these three numbers, but there is a question in our mind that can the LCM be (-100)? Since (-100) is lower than 100 and divisible by each of 10, 20, 25, or can it be zero or what will be the LCM of (-10) and 20? Will it be (-20) or (-200)?
For all these questions, there is only one answer that the LCM is only defined for positive numbers and LCM is not defined for 0.

PROCESS OF FINDING LCM

  • We will do prime factorization in first step of all the numbers.
  • Then we calculate the number of times each prime occurs in prime factorization and write each number as power of primes.
  • Then in last step we write all the primes involved and raise each of the primes to highest power present.

Example based on above

Example 1:LCM of   10, 20, 25?
Step 1: 10= 2 × 5
20 = 2 × 2 × 5
25= 5 × 5
Step 2: 10= 21 × 51
20 = 22  × 51
25= 52
Step 3:Primes involved are 2 and 5
Now we raise each of the primes to highest power present i.e.22 × 52 =100. So 100 is required LCM.

Example 2: What is the LCM of 35, 45, 55?
Step-1:
35 = 5 × 7
45 = 3 × 3 × 5
55 = 11 × 5
Step-2:
35 = 51 × 71
45 = 32 × 51
55 = 111 × 51
Step-3: Primes involved are 3, 5, 7 and 11
Now we raise each of the primes to the highest power present i.e. 32 × 51 × 71 × 111
LCM of the given numbers = 3465

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