logical reasoning for ssc cgl: Insight into how to prepare logical reasoning for ssc cgl exam

Logical reasoning for ssc cgl exam is an extremely scoring section. This section titled ‘General Intelligence and Reasoning Strategy’, as the name suggests, tests your ability to respond to problems that require intelligent processing of information and strategic reasoning to solve the questions. In order to excel your performance in the section of logical reasoning for ssc cgl exam, you need to understand the exam pattern, syllabus and level of difficulty. This is how you should strategise your preparation. Begin with a plan and timeline of how you will cover the entire syllabus and take sectional tests. Do justice to your time and every test by correctly analysing the test with respect to your responses.

Directions for the question set:
Refer to the following information and answer the questions that follow:

‘Toya-Toya” is an island in the Indian Ocean. A peculiar quality of all the inhabitants of “Toya-Toya” is that they always answer any question with two sentences only out of which one is always true and the other always false. Keeping this information in mind, answer the following question-

Question 1: You are walking on a road and come to a village. You ask the inhabitants Ramu, Lala and Lalit, “Which road will take me to the village?”
Ramu says, “I never speak to strangers, I am new to these parts”.
Lala says, “I am married to Lalit. Take the left road.”
Lalit says, “I am married to Ramu. He is not new to this place.”

Which of the following is true?
(a) Left road takes you to the village
(b) Right road takes you to the village
(c) Lalit is married to Lala
(d) None of these

Question 2: You find that your boat is stolen. You question three inhabitants of the island and they reply as follows:
Jerry says, “I didn’t do it. Maya didn’t do it.”
Maya says, “I didn’t do it. Kanishka didn’t do it.”
Kanishka says, “I didn’t do it. I don’t know who did it.”
Who stole your boat? “
(a) Jerry
(b) Maya
(c) Kanishka
(d) None of them

Question 3: You want to speak to the chief of the village. You question three inhabitants, Amardeep, Bhanu and Chandu. Only Bhanu is wearing red shirt.
A. Amardeep says, “I am not Bhanu’s son. The chief wears a red shirt.”
B. Bhanu says, “I am Amardeep father, Chandu is the chief.”
C. Chandu says, “The chief is one among us. I am the chief.”

Who is the chief?
(a) Amardeep
(b) Bhanu
(c) Chandu
(d) None of them

Question 4: There is only one pilot on the island. You interview three men-Kundan, Lucy and Mona. You also notice that Kundan is wearing a cap.
A. Mona says, “Lucy’s father is the pilot. Lucy is not the priest’s son.”
B. Kundan says, “I am the priest. On this island, only priests can wear caps.”
C. Lucy says, “I am the priest’s son. Kundan is not the priest.”

Which of the following is true?
(a) Lucy is not Kundan’s son
(b) Kundan is the pilot
(c) Mona is the pilot
(d) Lucy is the priest

Answers and Explanations: Click the down arrow to expand

Answers 1: (c) To solve this one needs to proceed further after considering one of the statements to be true and then validating all the other statements spoken by the other inhabitants. The statement which does not contradict with any of the other statements, becomes the true answer.

Here we can see that if we consider Lalit’s 2nd statement true then Ramu 2nd Statement will be false that will make us easy to solve this question

And if Lalit 1st statement is false this means that Lalit is married to Lala. So, Lala 2nd statement is False. As none contradict, we get the following table:

“Lalit is married to Lala” is the correct statement. Hence option (c) is correct.

Answers 2: (b) Let us assume first part of the first statement to be true then second part will be false. If we relate these results with second and then third statements assuming one part to be true and other false. Then we will find that answer is Maya.

On the contrary, if we assume first half of the first statement to be false and second to be true then there will be two answers Jerry and Kanishka, which cannot be true. Hence the correct answer is Maya. Hence option (b) is correct.

Answers 3: (b)

This case contradicts the statement given in question that Bhanu is wearing a red shirt

It is clear that Bhanu is the chief, because in this case All statements fit correctly. Hence option (b) is correct.

Answers 4: (b)

Option (b) is the only correct statement. To solve this one needs to proceed further after considering one of the statements to be true and then validating all the other statements spoken by the other inhabitants.

The statement which does not contradict with any of the other statements, becomes the true answer.

We can see that this case of true statement is not contradicting with any statement. Hence option (b) is correct.

Extra tips for logical reasoning for ssc cgl:
• While attempting the section of logical reasoning for ssc cgl exam, do not assume any piece of information. Use only what is given.
• Do a time check every now and then to ensure that you are propelling ahead with a good speed and do not get stuck in any question of the exam.
• To sharpen your reasoning skills in the section of logical reasoning for ssc cgl go through various topics as it will help you sharpen analytical abilities.

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