Logical reasoning games and tournaments: Logical reasoning games and tournaments type of questions

Logical reasoning games and tournaments type of questions are most commonly asked in all of the entrance exams. These type of questions are mostly asked in the form of sets consisting of 2-4 questions depending on the format of the exam. There would be a situation given in the main section of the set and the questions following it would be based on the information given in the main section. Questions may or may not provide additional information [Note that the additional information should be used only for that particular question and not the questions ahead of it unless stated]. The logical reasoning games and tournaments questions may contain categories such as matches between countries/players, games with conditions/rules/constraints, team formation with restrictions and constraints and similarly other logical arrangement and combination questions.

Directions for the question set:
Answer the following questions based on the passage below.
A group of three or four has to be selected from seven persons. Among the seven are two women : Poonam and Lavina, and five men : Rahul, Ritraj, Dheeraj, Pintoo and Raju. Rahul would not like to be in the group if Ritraj is also selected. Ritraj and Raju want to be selected together in the group. Lavina would like to be in the group only if Dheeraj is also there. Dheeraj, if selected, would not like Pintoo in the group. Rahul would like to be in the group only if Pintoo is also there. Dheeraj insists that Poonam be selected in case he is there in the group.

Question 1: Which of the-following statements is true?
(a) Lavina and Rahul can be part of a group of four.
(b) A group of four can have two women.
(c) A group of four can have all four men.
(d) None of these

Question 2: Which of the following is a feasible group of three?
(a) Dheeraj, Rahul, Raju
(b) Pintoo, Ritraj, Raju
(c) Lavina, Dheeraj, Ritraj
(d) Poonam, Dheeraj, Rahul

Question 3: Which of the following is a feasible group of four?
(a) Rahul, Pintoo, Poonam, Raju
(b) Ritraj, Raju, Lavina, Dheeraj
(c) Ritraj, Raju, Poonam, Dheeraj
(d) Poonam, Dheeraj, Rahul, Pintoo

Answers and Explanations: Click the down arrow to expand

Answers 1: (d) Option (a) is not correct: Lavina goes with Dheeraj and Dheeraj does not combine with Pintoo whereas Rahul needs Pintoo to be there in the group. Hence this combination is not possible. Option (b) is not correct: Poonam and Lavina cannot be together because the third person in the group will definitely be Dheeraj. But the combination of three Poonam, Lavina, Dheeraj cannot be combined with any of the remaining four persons. Option (c) is not correct: Rahul cannot go with Ritraj and Dheeraj with Pintoo. Hence none of the options is correct. The correct option is (d).

Answers 2: (b) Option (a) Dheeraj, Rahul, Raju – Violates condition – Dheeraj insists that Poonam be selected in case he is selected. Also Ritraj and Raju want to be selected together as well. Option (c) Lavina, Dheeraj, Ritraj – Violates the condition same as above. Option (b) does not violate any of the conditions hence is the answer. Also Ritraj and Raju want to be selected together as well. Option (d) Poonam, Dheeraj, Ritraj – Violates the condition – Rahul would like to be in the group only if Pintoo is there. Also Ritraj and Raju want to be selected together as well. The correct option is (b).

Answers 3: (c) Option (a) is not correct as Ritraj and Raju should be together. Option (b) is not correct as Dheeraj should be with Poonam. Option (d) is not correct as Dheeraj should not be with Pintoo. Hence option (c) is the answer as it satisfies all the conditions. The correct option is (c).

Extra tips for logical reasoning games and tournaments:
• While solving logical reasoning games and tournaments type of questions, it is to be noted that the additional information should be used only for that particular question and not the questions ahead of it, unless stated.
• Use option elimination method wherever applicable to save time.
• For questions of type logical reasoning games and tournaments, carefully consider the options. It could be possible that more than 1 option is right, therefore look out for such options that are a combination of 2 or more options [For example, Both (A) and (B)].

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