Direction for the questions: (1- 4:) Refer to the following information and answer the questions that follow :
‘Toya-Toya” is an island in the Indian Ocean. A peculiar quality of all the inhabitants of “Toya-Toya” is that they always answer any question with two sentences only out of which one is always true and the other always false. Keeping this information in mind, answer the following question-

Question 1: You are walking on a road and come to a village. You ask the inhabitants Ramu, Lala and Lalit, “Which road will take me to the village ?”
Ramu says, “I never speak to strangers, I am new to these parts”.
Lala says, “I am married to Lalit. Take the left road.”
Lalit says, “I am married to Ramu. He is not new to this place.”
Which of the following is true ?
(a) Left road takes you to the village
(b) Right road takes you to the village
(c)  Lalit is married to Lala
(d) None of these

Question 2: You find that your boat is stolen. You question three inhabitants of the island and they reply as follows : Jerry says, “I didn’t do it. Maya didn’t do it.”
Maya says, “I didn’t do it. Kanishka didn’t do it.” Kanishka says, “I didn’t do it. I don’t know who did it.” Who stole your boat ?
(a) Jerry
(b) Maya
(c)  Kanishka
(d) None of them

Question 3: You want to speak to the chief of the village. You question three inhabitants, Amardeep, Bhanu and Chandu. Only Bhanu is wearing red shirt.
1. Amardeep says, “I am not Bhanu’s son. The chief wears a red shirt.”
2. Bhanu says, “I am Amardeep father, Chandu is the chief.”
3. Chandu says, “The chief is one among us. I am the chief.” Who is the chief ?
(a) Amardeep
(b) Bhanu
(c) Chandu
(d) None of them

Question 4 : There is only one pilot on the island. You interview three men-Kundan, Lucy and Mona. You also notice that Kundan is wearing a cap.
1. Mona says, “Lucy’s father is the pilot. Lucy is not the priest’s son.”
2. Kundan says, “I am the priest. On this island, only priests can wear caps.”
3. Lucy says, “I am the priest’s son. Kundan is not the priest.” Which of the following is true ?
(a) Lucy is not Kundan’s son
(b) Kundan is the pilot
(c) Mona is the pilot
(d) Lucy is the priest

Answers and Explanations

Answer 1 : (c)

“Lalit is married to Lala” is the correct statement. To solve this one needs to proceed further after considering one of the statements to be true and then validating all the other statements spoken by the other inhabitants. The statement which does not contradict with any of the other statements, becomes the true answer.

Answer 2 : (b)

Let us assume first part of the first statement to be true then second part will be false. If we relate these results with second and then third statements assuming one part to be true and other false. Then we will find that answer is Maya. On ‘the contrary if we assume first half of the first statement to be false and second to be true then there will be two answers Jerry and Kanishka, which cannot be true. Hence the correct answer is Mathew.

Answer 3 : (b)

It is clear that Bhanu is the chief. All other options goes contrary to the information.

Answer 4 : (b)

Option (b) is the only correct statement.To solve this one needs to proceed further after considering one of the statements to be true and then validating all the other statements spoken by the other inhabitants. The statement which does not contradict with any of the other statements, becomes the true answer.

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