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Article Name:Why the universe shouldn’t exist at all
Author Name:Don Lincoln

Summary for this article:

The article focuses on the questions such as Why is there something? Why is the universe not a featureless void? Why does our universe have matter and not only energy? It might seem surprising, but given our current theories and measurements, science cannot answer those questions.

It explains the Standard Model, says that the matter of the universe should be accompanied by an identical amount of antimatter, which, as its name suggests, is a substance antagonistic to matter. Combine equal amounts of matter and antimatter and it will convert into energy. Modern cosmology says the universe began in an unimaginable Big Bang an explosion of energy. In this theory, equal amounts of matter and antimatter should have resulted. So how is our universe made exclusively of matter? Where did the antimatter go? Scientists have found out that early in the universe there was a slight asymmetry in the laws of nature that treated matter and antimatter differently. The article then moves on to describe neutrino which might hold some answer to these question.

Words to learn from this article:

Conundrum: a confusing and difficult problem or question.
Void : not valid or legally binding.
Isotope : each of two or more forms of the same element that contain equal numbers of protons but different numbers of neutrons in their nuclei, and hence differ in relative atomic mass but not in chemical properties; in particular, a radioactive form of an element.
Antagonistic : showing or feeling active opposition or hostility towards someone or something.
Annihilate: destroy utterly; obliterate.
Neutrinos: a neutral subatomic particle with a mass close to zero and half-integral spin, which rarely reacts with normal matter. Three kinds of neutrinos are known, associated with the electron, muon, and tau particle.
Antimatter: matter consisting of elementary particles which are the antiparticles of those making up normal matter.

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Reading Suggestion-2

Article Name:Can Language Save Communities Under Threat From A Globalised World?
Author Name: Padmaparna Ghosh 
Source:Huffington Post

Summary for this article:

The writer sheds light on the issue of dwindling number of few communities and their ethnicity across the world. From the fight of the indigenous Ainu community of Japan to create their own identity to the secessionist struggle of Catalonians of Spain, the overall effect is the threat of disappearing languages.

The Ainu community of Japan had received active recognition in 2008, but still, a comprehensive notion of livelihood or indigenous rights is not focused by the act. While many are still under serious threat, indigenous and minority languages in other parts of the world are experiencing a period of regrowth. The government of Spain has taken steps in this regard; however, there remain divided views on reviving the regional languages. But some still believe that the next generation is the one that will have to continue the work of preserving and spreading cultural traditions, including language.

Words to learn from this article:

Indigenous- originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native
Instigate- bring about or initiate (an action or event)
Asylum- the protection granted by a state to someone who has left their home country as a political refugee
Limbo- an uncertain period of awaiting a decision or resolution; an intermediate state or condition
Secessionist- favouring formal withdrawal from membership of a federation or body, especially a political state
Disseminate- spread (something, especially information) widely.
Inextricable- impossible to disentangle or separate
Archetype- a very typical example of a certain person or thing
Revitalize- imbue (something) with new life and vitality
Shoddy- badly made or done

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Reading Suggestion-3

Article Name:How Do Physics and the Multiverse Explain Coincidences?
Author Name:Bernard D. Beitman
Source:Psychology Today

Summary for this article:

This article tries to explain coincidences with the help of Physics and the Multiverse. Our daily actions do not seem to be described by an equation like how the tiny entities such as electron and photon can be described by an equation called the wave function. However, many theorists believe the idea of “multiverse” where we are in just one part of the multiverse tree and all other universe are in superposition with each other until we decide which way to go.

To explain coincidence further, the writer illustrates a musician wanting to work with a spiritual organization. His research indicates that each step in the desired direction increases the momentum toward the accomplishment of his musical-spiritual goal and it happens one day when he receives the musical directorship of a different spiritual community that fit just what he was seeking. That musician-physicist is Sky Nelson.

Words to learn from this article:

Metaphorically- figuratively
Futile- incapable of producing any useful result; pointless
Discrete- individually separate and distinct

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