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### SBI PO reasoning important topics: SBI PO reasoning important topics that hold the most weightage in the exam

SBI PO reasoning important topics that hold maximum weightage in the exam are listed below:
• Analogy,
• Puzzles (Seating arrangement, linear seating arrangement, floor based),
• Syllogism,
• Data sufficiency,
• Statement based questions (Verbal reasoning),
• Inequality, Miscellaneous Questions,
• Input Output, Blood relations,
• Patterns and Series.
These topics are most commonly asked in the reasoning section of all of the competitive exams and to score well, you need to be thorough in all of them irrespective of your comfort zone. SBI PO reasoning important topics stated here are covered in the Logical Reasoning sets across all three levels. Solve the problem sets to master them.

Directions for the question set:
Study the 10 statements given below and answer the questions.
1. Six businessmen from six different nations are staying in different rooms in succession in the same row in a hotel.
2. Each of them owns different number of cars and has donated to different number of institutions during the last year.
3. The businessman in Room no. 102 owns twice as many as the number of cars owned by the businessmen who have donated to 8 institutions in the last year.
4. The businessman from Uruguay and the businessman in Room no. 106 together own 40 cars in total.
5. The businessman from Algeria owns 8 cars less than the businessman from Scotland but he donated to 10 more institutions in the last year.
6. Four times the number of cars owned by the businessman in Room no. 104 is lesser than the number of institutions to which he has donated in the last year.
7. The businessman in Room No. 103 owns 12 cars and donated to 8 institutions in the last year.
8. The businessman who owns 16 cars donated to 24 institutions in the last year.
9. The businessman in Room no. 105 owns 8 cars and donated to 2 institutions less than those donated to by the businessman from USA in the last year.

Question 1: How many cars are owned by the Scotland businessman?
A. 8
B. 12
C. 4
D. 20

Question 2: In which room is the Belgium businessman staying?
A. Room no. 102
B. Room no. 103
C. Room no. 104
D. Room no. 105

Question 3: What is the number of institutions to which the Algerian businessman donated in the last year?
A. 8
B. 3
C. 18
D. 24

Question 4: The businessman of which country is staying in Room no. 106?
A. Algeria
B. USA
C. Uruguay
D. Jamaica

Question 5: The businessman of which country has donated to 24 institutions in the last year?
A. Algeria
B. Uruguay
C. USA
D. Jamaica

Question 6: The businessman of which country owns the highest number of cars?
A. Algeria
B. Uruguay
C. Jamaica
D. Belgium

### Answers and Explanations: Click the down arrow to expand

Common solution for the set: Step 1: The businessman in Room no. 102 owns twice as many as the number of cars owned by the businessmen who have donated to 8 institutions in the last year. The businessman from Uruguay and the businessman in Room no. 106 together own 40 cars in total. Let the businessmen who have donated to 8 institutions in the last year be ‘x’. Let the businessman in Room no. 106 be ‘y’

Step 2: The businessman from Algeria owns 8 cars less than the businessman from Scotland but donated to 10 more institutions in the last year. The businessman in Room No. 103 owns 12 cars and donated to 8 institutions in the last year. The Belgium businessman is staying two rooms ahead of the Scotland businessman who is staying two rooms ahead of the USA businessman.

Step 3: The businessman who owns 16 cars donated to 24 institutions in the last year. The businessman in Room no. 105 owns 8 cars and donated to 2 institutions less than those donated to by the businessman from USA in the last year.

USA,___________, Scotland, _____________, Belgium But from question 80 we can conclude that room numbers are 101, 103, and 105 respectively as room number 106 is not given to Belgium businessman.

Step 4: Four times the number of cars owned by the businessman in Room no. 104 is lesser than the number of institutions to which he has donated in the last year.

Note: The information given in the question is insufficient to solve the question. However, in exams, it is advisable to look through the questions and its options to chalk out some additional information which might be helpful in solving problems. We have attempted the same in the following solution:

From information 7, the occupant of room number 103 owns 12 cars and he donated to 8 institutions. Then from information 3, the occupant of room number 102 must be having 24 cars. From information 6, the occupant of room number 104 must be having ‘z’ number of cars and donated to y number of institutions, where 4z < y. From information 9, the occupant of room number 105 owns 8 cars and if the businessman from USA donated to ‘x’ number of institutions, then the occupant of room number 105 must have donated to (x – 2) number of institutions. From information 10, the residents of USA, Scotland and Belgium are staying in alternate rooms in that order, starting from left. Though room numbers of residents of USA, Scotland and Belgium can also be 102, 104 and 106 respectively. But from question 80 we can conclude that room numbers are 101, 103, and 105 respectively as room number 106 is not given to Belgium businessman. Although the nationality of the occupant of room number 106 is not known from the information given, it can be found out to be Jamaica from the options of the 3rd question in the set. We can compile the following table now and answer all questions.

Answers 1: (B) 12 cars are owned by the Scotland businessman. The correct option is (B).

Answers 2: (D) Belgium businessman is staying in Room number 105. The correct option is (D).

Answers 3: (C) Algerian businessman donated to 18 institutions in the last year. The correct option is (C).

Answers 4: (D) The businessman of Jamaica is staying in Room no. 106. The correct option is (D).

Answers 5: (D) The businessman of Jamaica has donated to 24 institutions in the last year. The correct option is (D).

Answers 6: (B) The businessman of Uruguay owns the highest number of cars. The correct option is (B).

Extra tips for SBI PO reasoning important topics:
• Go through the SBI PO reasoning important topics and prepare a timeline to cover each of them.
• In the first go solving questions, solve the ones that you are most confident in. Secure these marks and then go on to solving more challenging questions.
• Prioritize the topics weightage wise after going through SBI PO reasoning important topics.

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