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Previously, we have learned the basics of divisibility and various divisibility checks and rules. In this article, we will learn some shortcuts and tricks for divisibility that will help you solve questions quickly. Without wasting time, let’s get going with the tricks.

Some basics tips and tricks you studied in the previous lessons that you can use for divisibility:

• All whole numbers are divisible by 1.
• A number is divisible by 2 if it is even.
• A non-zero number is divisible by 5 if it ends in 0 or 5.
• In order to check the divisibility of a number by a composite number, divide the composite divisor into prime factors, which are co-prime and then check for its divisibility with each. For example, to check the divisibility of a number with 12, break down 12 into 3 and 4.

Tricks for Divisibility:

1. an – bn is always divisible by a-b

Example: 85–55 is divisible by 8-5= 3

Remember it by:

1. an – bn is divisible by a + b when n is even

Example: 710 – 510 is divisible by 7-5= 2

Remember it by:

a3 – b3 is not divisible by a + b

a2 – b2 is also divisible by a + b

a4 – b4 is also divisible by a + b

1. an + bn is divisible by a + b when n is odd

711 + 511 is divisible by 7 + 5 = 12

Remember it by:

a3 + b3 is divisible by a + b

a2 + b2 is NOT divisible by a + b

a4 + b4 is NOT divisible by a + b

1. an + bn + cn is divisible by a + b + c when n is odd.

73 + 53 + 23= 343 + 125 + 8 = 476 divisible by 7 + 5 + 2 = 14

Given below are some questions for you to apply these formulae:

Example 1: 3223 + 1723 is definitely divisible by:

a. 49

b. 15

c. 49 & 15

d. None of these.

As an + bn is divisible by a + b when n is odd

So 3223 + 1723 is divisible by 32 + 17 = 49.

Example 2: 3223 – 1723 is definitely divisible by:
a. 49

b. 15

c. 49 & 15

d. none of these.

As an – bn is always divisible by a-b.

So 3223 – 1723 is divisible by 32 – 17 = 15.

Example 3: 32232 – 17232 is definitely divisible by:
a. 49

b. 15

c. 49 & 15

d. none of these.

As an – bn is always divisible by a-b and an – bn is divisible by a + b when n is even

So 32232 – 17232 is divisible by both 32 – 17 = 15 and 32 + 17 = 49.

Example 4: 35 + 55+ 75 is definitely divisible by:

a. 8

b. 7

c. 15

d. all of these.

As an + bn + cn is divisible by a + b + c when n is odd.

So 35 + 55 + 75 is divisible by 3 + 5 + 7 = 15

Try out some more questions given in the exercise.

EXERCISE:

Question 1: (49)15 –1 is exactly divisible by:

(1) 50                   (2) 51                   (3) 29                   (4) 8

Solution (4)

By property 1

an – bn is always divisible by a-b

(49)15 –(1)15 is exactly divisible by 49­–1 = 48, that is a multiple of 8.

Question 2: If a and b are two odd positive integers, by which of the following integers I (a4 –b4) always divisible?

(1) 3                      (2) 6                      (3) 8                      (4) 12

Solution (3)

an – bn is divisible by a + b when n is even

an – bn is always divisible by a-b

a4 – b4 = (a2 + b2) (a + b) (a – b)

put a=3 , b=1  ( because 1,3 are the smallest odd numbers)

Required number = (3 + 1) (3 – 1) = 8

Question 3: m and n are positive integers and (m–n) is an even number, then (m2–n2) will be always divisible by

(1) 4                      (2) 6                      (3) 8                      (4) 12

Solution (1)

Let m – n = 2x

m + n = 2x

(m–n) (m+n) = 4x2

m2–n2 = 4x2

Question 4: It is given that (232 + 1) is exactly divisible by a certain number, which one of the following is also definitely divisible by the same number?

(1) 296 + 1                          (2) 7 × 233          (3) 216 – 1                          (4) 216 + 1

Solution (1)

Question 5: The greatest whole number, by which the expression n4 + 6n3 + 11n2 + 6n + 24 is divisible for every natural number n, is

(1) 6                      (2) 24                   (3) 12                   (4) 48

Solution (4)

For n = 1

n4 + 6n3 + 11n2 + 6n + 24

=1 + 6 + 11 + 6 + 24 = 48

For, n = 2

n4 + 6n3 + 11n2 + 6n + 24

=16 + 48 + 44 + 12 + 24

=144 which is divisible by 48.

Clearly, 48 is the required number.

Starting 3rd June 2024, 7pm

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