• These tests are a check for your learning and are meant to serve as tools for assessment.
  • Directions for individual questionsIn these questions, the sentences have been given in Active/Passive voice. From the given alternatives, select the one which best expresses the given sentence in Passive/Active voice.

Transformation of Sentences: Test-1

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Question 1
People speak English all over the world.
English is spoken all over the world.
English was spoken all over the world.
English was spoken by people.
English is spoken by people.
Question 1 Explanation: 
"People speak English "can be transformed into Passive form thus — "English is spoken by the people" So, in Passive form , the sentence stands thus — "English is spoken by the people all over the world. In this type of sentence, we need not use "by the people". For example People call him Mahatma. (Active) He is called Mahatma. (Passive)
Question 2
Who gave you permission to enter?
By whom were you given permission to enter?
By whom was you given permission to enter?
By whom you were given permission to enter?
By whom given you permission to enter?
Question 2 Explanation: 
The Auxiliary Verb that should be used with you is were and not was. Again, as the given sentence is an Interrogative sentence, in Passive form also, the sentence will be Interrogative, which is in Verb + Subject form. Keeping these two conditions in mind, if we judge the given options.
Question 3
Before festivals the shops are thronged with men, women and children making various purchases.
During festivals people throng the shops.
Men, women and children throng the shops before festivals making various purchases.
Men, women and children make purchases during festivals.
The shops are thronged by people making purchases.
Question 3 Explanation: 
The given sentence is in Passive form. Here subject is "the shops" and object is "Men, women and children". So, a sentence where "the shops" is used as the object and "men, women and children" is used as the Subject should be chosen as the answer. Here also, we should not miss any information supplied in the original sentence.
Question 4
The smugglers did not realise that their conversation was being recorded.
The smugglers did not realise that someone was recording their conversation.
Someone did not realise that the smugglers were recording their conversation.
Conversation was recorded when the smugglers did not realise.
The smugglers recorded their conversation without realising.
Question 4 Explanation: 
The smugglers did not realise that someone was recording their conversation. All the options other than option (a) change the meaning of the original sentence. One of the foremost rules of Active-Passive Voice is that the sense of the statement should not be changed.
Question 5
Who taught you grammar ?
By whom you were taught grammar?
By whom were you taught grammar?
By whom was grammar you taught?
By whom were grammar taught to you ?
Question 5 Explanation: 
The correct option is Option (b). Option (c) uses the wrong form of verb whereas the other two options lack the correct sentence formation.
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