• These tests are a check for your learning and are meant to serve as tools for assessment.
  • Directions for individual questionsIn these questions, the sentences have been given in Active/Passive voice. From the given alternatives, select the one which best expresses the given sentence in Passive/Active voice.

Transformation of Sentences: Test-5

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Question 1
Let him see the picture.
Let the picture be seen by him.
The picture is seen by him.
Let him the picture be seen.
The picture is seen by him.
Question 1 Explanation: 
Sentences which express request, order, advice, suggestion, prohibition etc., are called imperative sentences. This sentence shows respect so it is an imperative sentence. The structure of it is as follows: Let + object + be + past participle. So the only option that satisfies the above theory is option (a).
Question 2
Who can question Gandhi's integrity?
By whom Gandhi's integrity can be questioned ?
By whom can Gandhi's integrity be questioned ?
Gandhi's integrity can be questioned by whom ?
Who could have questioned Gandhi's integrity ?
Question 2 Explanation: 
The places of subject and object in sentence are inter-changed in passive voice. Also, as the given sentence is an Interrogative sentence, in Passive form also, the sentence will be Interrogative. The two options that follow these are option (a) and option (b). However, because of proper sentence arrangement, option (a) would be chosen as the answer.
Question 3
What amused you?
What you are made to amuse by?
By what are you being amused?
By what were you amused?
By what have you been amused?
Question 3 Explanation: 
A simple past tense interrogative sentence has the conversion in the form of was/were + past participle form of the verb. This condition is most appropriately fulfilled by option (c).
Question 4
The people couldn't move me to the hospital and the doctor operated on me at home.
I couldn't be moved to the hospital and was operated on at home by the doctor.
I couldn't be moved to the hospital and I had to be operated on at home.
I couldn't be moved to the hospital and I was operated at home by the doctor.
I couldn't be moved to the hospital by the people and operated on at home.
Question 4 Explanation: 
Option (b) and option (c) have a futile use of 2 ‘I’s in them. Only one is required. Thus, the sentences become grammatically incorrect and therefore rejected. Out of the remaining two, option (d) is out as it slightly diluts the meaning of the sentence.
Question 5
The news has been brought to us by him.
He brought us the news.
He has brought us the news.
He was brought the news to us.
We brought the news to him.
Question 5 Explanation: 
The sentence is in passive form, the tense being present perfect. Its formation (active voice) is has/have + past participle of the verb. Option (b) satisfies this, hence the right answer.
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