Daily Vocabulary from Leading Indian Newspapers: December 22, 2023

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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words in Leading Indian Newspapers
Hi there. Welcome to this special section @ Wordpandit. Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting daily vocabulary words that you would come across in leading newspapers in the country. We have included the following newspapers in our selection:
• The Times of India
• The Economic Times
• Hindustan Times
• Mint
• Indian Express
We are putting in extensive work to develop your vocabulary. All you have to do is be regular with this section and check out this post daily. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in leading publications mentioned above.
Visit the website daily to learn words from leading Indian newspapers.


WORD-1: Rampant

CONTEXT: Those years of reckless protection created shortages, black markets, and rampant rent-seeking, all in the name of the poor and distributive justice.

SOURCE: Indian Express

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine plants growing everywhere in a garden without anyone stopping them. That’s like “rampant.” It means something is spreading or growing very quickly, without control.

MEANING: Spreading unchecked, widespread (especially of something unwelcome or unpleasant) (Adjective)


SYNONYMS: Uncontrolled, Unrestrained, Widespread, Rife, Unchecked

1. Crime is rampant in the neglected part of the city.
2. The garden was overrun with rampant weeds.
3. Rumors were rampant after the celebrity’s sudden disappearance.
4. Rampant inflation affected the economy.


WORD-2: Shambles

CONTEXT: Imagine protecting components for mobile phone assembly in India in the same manner today — the industry will quickly be in shambles.

SOURCE: Indian Express

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: “Shambles” is like when your room is very messy, with toys and clothes everywhere. It means a place is very disorganized and messy.

MEANING: A state of total disorder (Noun)


SYNONYMS: Chaos, Mess, Disarray, Confusion, Muddle

1. After the party, the house was in a shambles.
2. His financial records were a complete shambles.
3. The project turned into a shambles due to poor planning.
4. The room looked like a shambles after the kids played in it.

WORD-3: Inundated

CONTEXT: Your phone throws lists at you. Your social media is inundated with it.

SOURCE: Indian Express

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Inundated is like when your bathtub overflows with water, covering everything. It means being covered or flooded with a lot of something.

MEANING: Overwhelmed with a huge amount of things or people (Verb)


SYNONYMS: Flooded, Overwhelmed, Swamped, Engulfed, Overrun

1. The office was inundated with phone calls.
2. After the storm, the basement was inundated with water.
3. She felt inundated with work assignments.
4. The town was inundated with tourists during the summer.


WORD-4: Relevance

CONTEXT: It seems an intensely private act where the calibration methods would be of little relevance to anyone but the list-maker.

SOURCE: Indian Express

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Relevance is like when you are talking about pets, and someone talks about their dog. It means something is important or connected to what you are talking about or doing.

MEANING: The quality or state of being closely connected or appropriate (Noun)


SYNONYMS: Pertinence, Applicability, Importance, Significance, Connection

1. She questioned the relevance of his comment to the topic.
2. The relevance of this evidence cannot be ignored.
3. The book’s relevance to modern life is surprising.
4. His lecture lost its relevance as he strayed off-topic.

WORD-5: Tyrannised

CONTEXT: I am sure there are countless people like me who will consult a list but won’t be tyrannised by one.

SOURCE: Indian Express

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Tyrannised is like when someone is being a very strict and mean boss in a game, telling everyone what to do and not being nice. It means controlling or treating others in a cruel and unfair way.

MEANING: Ruled or controlled in a harsh and oppressive way (Verb)


SYNONYMS: Oppressed, Dominated, Subjugated, Bullied, Dictated

1. The people were tyrannised by the cruel leader.
2. He tyrannised his employees, making the workplace miserable.
3. The dictator tyrannised the country for decades.
4. The students felt tyrannised by the new rules.

WORD-6: Encapsulate

CONTEXT: These lists encapsulate the measure of my life. It helps me to retrospect on the art I created and the art I absorbed, for the details of my everyday has a direct tie to my emotional state and perspective.

SOURCE: Indian Express

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Encapsulate is like putting a whole story into just one sentence. It means to express the most important parts of something in a few words or a small space.

MEANING: To express the essential elements of something succinctly (Verb)


SYNONYMS: Summarize, Condense, Sum up, Compress, Distill

1. The slogan encapsulates the company’s mission.
2. Her speech encapsulated the feelings of many.
3. The article encapsulates the key points of the debate.
4. This poem beautifully encapsulates the spirit of the era.

WORD-7: Nullified

CONTEXT: The low bounce nullified our strength and our aggressive batting was out of the equation as well.

SOURCE: Indian Express

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Nullified is like erasing a drawing you made. It means to make something not valid or as if it never happened.

MEANING: Made legally null and void; invalidated (Verb)


SYNONYMS: Invalidate, Annul, Void, Cancel, Abrogate

1. The contract was nullified by the court.
2. His actions nullified the previous agreement.
3. The law was nullified after the new legislation.
4. Her vote was nullified due to a technicality.

WORD-8: Marvellous

CONTEXT: Rohit Sharma and Rahul Dravid have done a marvellous job of taking the Indian team to where it has reached right now.

SOURCE: Indian Express

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Marvellous is like seeing a huge, beautiful rainbow. It means something is so good or beautiful that it makes you feel happy and surprised.

MEANING: Causing great wonder; extraordinarily good or pleasing (Adjective)


SYNONYMS: Wonderful, Fantastic, Amazing, Splendid, Magnificent

1. She gave a marvellous performance in the play.
2. The view from the mountain top was marvellous.
3. He had a marvellous time at the party.
4. The magician’s tricks were truly marvellous.


WORD-9: Disarray

CONTEXT: They threw our plans into disarray and we couldn’t counter theirs.

SOURCE: Indian Express

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Disarray is like when your toys are scattered all over the floor. It means things are not neat or organized; they are messy and all over the place.

MEANING: A state of disorder or confusion (Noun)


SYNONYMS: Disorder, Chaos, Confusion, Mess, Tangle

1. The room was in complete disarray after the game.
2. His plans were thrown into disarray by the unexpected news.
3. The company’s files were in disarray.
4. The team’s strategy was in disarray.


WORD-10: Enumeration

CONTEXT: Apply these to the caste census and you know why such enumeration is not just permissible, but essential.

SOURCE: Indian Express

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Enumeration is like counting out your toys one by one. It means listing or counting things one after the other.

MEANING: The act of counting or listing things one by one (Noun)

PRONUNCIATION: ee-NEW-muh-ray-shun

SYNONYMS: Counting, Listing, Cataloguing, Itemization, Tallying

1. The report included an enumeration of all the expenses.
2. Her speech included an enumeration of her achievements.
3. The enumeration of facts was helpful in understanding the case.
4. He made a careful enumeration of the collection’s items.



Vocabulary Today

Title: “Keeping Pace with Words: Embracing ‘Vocabulary Today’

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