Daily Vocabulary from Leading Indian Newspapers: January 3, 2024

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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words in Leading Indian Newspapers
Hi there. Welcome to this special section @ Wordpandit. Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting daily vocabulary words that you would come across in leading newspapers in the country. We have included the following newspapers in our selection:
• The Times of India
• The Economic Times
• Hindustan Times
• Mint
• Indian Express
We are putting in extensive work to develop your vocabulary. All you have to do is be regular with this section and check out this post daily. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in leading publications mentioned above.
Visit the website daily to learn words from leading Indian newspapers.


WORD-1: Adaptation

CONTEXT: A paradigm shift in the climate regime is needed for adaptation. There is a need to peg vulnerability from being viewed in terms of the country.

SOURCE: Hindustan Times

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Adaptation is like when you change something to make it work better in a different place or situation. It’s like wearing warmer clothes in winter to adjust to the cold weather.

MEANING: The process of changing to suit different conditions or a new environment (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: ad-ap-tay-shun

SYNONYMS: Adjustment, Modification, Alteration, Change, Transformation, Conversion

1. The movie was an adaptation of a famous novel.
2. Plants undergo adaptation to survive in harsh climates.
3. The adaptation of the play for television was successful.
4. Animals show remarkable adaptation to their environments.

WORD-2: Plenary

CONTEXT: On the floor of the closing plenary, many lauded this as a historic achievement since it continued to preserve the 1.5 degrees Celsius temperature target and mentioned transitioning away from fossil fuels. From a developing country’s perspective, adaptation is as crucial as mitigation.

SOURCE: Hindustan Times

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Plenary is when everyone or everything that should be there is present. It’s like when every single student is in class for a big meeting.

MEANING: Unqualified; absolute or attended by all qualified members (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: plee-nuh-ree

SYNONYMS: Full, Complete, Unrestricted, Unconditional, Total, Entire

1. The committee made a plenary decision.
2. The conference included plenary sessions with all members present.
3. She had the plenary authority to sign the contract.
4. The plenary meeting was attended by all delegates.


WORD-3: Mitigation

CONTEXT: On the floor of the closing plenary, many lauded this as a historic achievement since it continued to preserve the 1.5 degrees Celsius temperature target and mentioned transitioning away from fossil fuels. From a developing country’s perspective, adaptation is as crucial as mitigation.

SOURCE: Hindustan Times

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Mitigation is like trying to make a problem less bad. It’s like putting a band-aid on a small cut to help it feel better.

MEANING: The action of reducing the severity, seriousness, or painfulness of something (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: mi-ti-gay-shun

SYNONYMS: Alleviation, Reduction, Diminution, Relief, Lessening, Moderation

1. They discussed strategies for the mitigation of environmental damage.
2. Mitigation measures were put in place to reduce noise.
3. The court considered her cooperation as a factor for mitigation.
4. Flood mitigation efforts helped to prevent further disaster.

WORD-4: Eradication

CONTEXT: The GGA, as agreed in Dubai, includes 11 targets to be achieved by 2030. Seven pertain to sectors and themes such as water, agriculture, health, biodiversity, human settlements, poverty eradication, and cultural heritage.

SOURCE: Hindustan Times

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Eradication is like completely getting rid of something so that it’s not there anymore. It’s like cleaning your room so well that not even one speck of dust is left.

MEANING: The complete destruction or elimination of something (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: ih-rad-ih-kay-shun

SYNONYMS: Elimination, Extinction, Removal, Annihilation, Extermination, Abolition

1. The eradication of smallpox was a major achievement in medicine.
2. Efforts are being made for the eradication of poverty.
3. The government launched a campaign for the eradication of illiteracy.
4. Eradication of invasive species from the island is a priority.


WORD-5: Nuances

CONTEXT: While the approach in climate crisis negotiations will be country-driven, the GGA indicator framework needs to factor in nuances and disaggregate the picture of vulnerability within countries.

SOURCE: Hindustan Times

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Nuances are the small differences in things that might seem the same at first. It’s like noticing the different shades of blue in the sky.

MEANING: Subtle differences or distinctions in expression, meaning, or response (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: noo-ahn-ses

SYNONYMS: Subtleties, Shades, Overtones, Distinctions, Refinements, Implications

1. Her poetry is full of linguistic nuances.
2. He didn’t understand the nuances of local politics.
3. The nuances of her expression were fascinating to observe.
4. The painting captures the nuances of light beautifully.

WORD-6: Arbitration

CONTEXT: Both SC judgments on arbitration law are landmark and authoritative with clarificatory declarations in the arbitration jurisprudence of India.

SOURCE: Hindustan Times

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Arbitration is like having a fair person help solve a disagreement between two sides. It’s like when a teacher helps two kids decide how to share toys fairly.

MEANING: The process of settling a dispute or disagreement by someone who is not involved (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: ahr-bi-tray-shun

SYNONYMS: Mediation, Adjudication, Conciliation, Negotiation, Settlement, Resolution

1. They agreed to settle the dispute through arbitration.
2. The arbitration panel made a binding decision.
3. She is an expert in international arbitration.
4. The contract includes an arbitration clause.

WORD-7: Interpretations

CONTEXT: Different jurisdictions across the world have applied the applicability of the group of companies doctrine by applying different corporate law principles and interpretations. In the five judges’ judgment (Cox and Kings Ltd. vs SAP India Pvt Ltd. and Anr), while agreeing with the detailed view of the Chief Justice of India (CJI) DY Chandrachud, justice PS Narasimha, recorded in a separate order that acceptance of this doctrine is “highly contested across jurisdictions”.

SOURCE: Hindustan Times

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Interpretations are the different ways people understand or explain something. It’s like when different friends tell their own version of a story.

MEANING: The action of explaining the meaning of something or the way something is understood or explained (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: in-tur-pruh-tay-shuns

SYNONYMS: Explanations, Understandings, Readings, Constructions, Renderings, Versions

1. Different interpretations of the law were discussed.
2. His speech has given rise to several interpretations.
3. The story has many possible interpretations.
4. Artists often have unique interpretations of events.

WORD-8: Lackadaisical

CONTEXT: They can be treated as inputs but no conclusive evidence, the Supreme Court said adding that there is no ground to claim that SEBI has been lackadaisical in its probe.

SOURCE: Hindustan Times

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Lackadaisical is when someone isn’t putting much effort or energy into what they’re doing. It’s like when someone does their chores slowly and without caring much.

MEANING: Lacking enthusiasm and determination; carelessly lazy (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: lack-uh-day-zih-kul

SYNONYMS: Listless, Unenthusiastic, Indifferent, Lethargic, Apathetic, Sluggish

1. His lackadaisical approach to study led to poor grades.
2. She had a lackadaisical attitude towards her job.
3. The team’s lackadaisical performance disappointed the fans.
4. He did his chores in a lackadaisical manner.


WORD-9: Conglomerate

CONTEXT: The Hindenburg allegations of market manipulation led to a massive erosion of the conglomerate’s share prices and market value.

SOURCE: Hindustan Times

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Conglomerate is like a big group made up of different companies or parts. It’s like if different toy brands were all owned by one big company.

MEANING: A large corporation formed by the merging of separate and diverse firms (noun); or a thing consisting of a number of different and distinct parts or items grouped together (adjective).

PRONUNCIATION: kuhn-glom-uh-rut

SYNONYMS: Corporation, Combination, Amalgamation, Aggregate, Conglomeration, Fusion

1. The conglomerate owns several different brands.
2. He works for a multinational conglomerate.
3. The museum displayed a conglomerate of historical artifacts.
4. The conglomerate structure of the organization was complex.


WORD-10: Persecuting

CONTEXT: The fact that Trump is facing criminal charges didn’t deter her; instead, the Haitian-American voter saw it as evidence that the system was “persecuting Trump” just like it was persecuting people like her.

SOURCE: Hindustan Times

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Persecuting is when someone treats another person very unfairly and cruelly, often because of their beliefs or who they are. It’s like bullying someone but much worse and for a long time.

MEANING: Subjecting someone to hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of their race or political or religious beliefs (verb).

PRONUNCIATION: pur-sih-kyoo-ting

SYNONYMS: Oppressing, Harassing, Tormenting, Victimizing, Abusing, Discriminating

1. They were persecuted for their religious beliefs.
2. Throughout history, many groups have been persecuted unjustly.
3. The regime was known for persecuting its political opponents.
4. She felt persecuted by the constant scrutiny of the media.



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