Daily Vocabulary from ‘The Hindu’: December 29, 2023

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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
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Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
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WORD-1: Precarious

CONTEXT: In effect, while the Congress continues its precarious balancing act, Muskaan’s wait to re-enter the classroom remains indefinitely long.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Precarious is like when you build a tall tower of blocks, and it looks like it might fall over any second. It means something is not safe or stable and could easily get worse or become dangerous.

MEANING: Not securely held or in position; dangerously likely to fall or collapse (adjective)

PRONUNCIATION: pri-kair-ee-us

SYNONYMS: Unstable, Risky, Insecure, Uncertain, Dangerous, Shaky

1. He balanced precariously on the edge of the chair.
2. The economic situation is precarious.
3. They lived in a precarious house on the cliff.
4. Her health remained in a precarious state.

WORD-2: Reiterates

CONTEXT: All this has been done in the name of reforms. The G20 Declaration reiterates this commitment.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Reiterates is like when your mom tells you to clean your room, and then she tells you again to make sure you remember. It means to say something again or a number of times, usually to emphasize it or make it clear.

MEANING: To say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity (verb)

PRONUNCIATION: ree-it-uh-rayts

SYNONYMS: Repeat, Restate, Recapitulate, Echo, Reaffirm, Reproduce

1. The teacher reiterates the importance of homework.
2. He reiterates his commitment to the project.
3. The speaker reiterates her main points.
4. She often reiterates her request for silence.

WORD-3: Prerequisite

CONTEXT: A critical area recognised as being a prerequisite for women’s development is her economic independence.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Prerequisite is like needing to know how to add numbers before you can learn to multiply. It means something you must know or do before you can learn or do something else.

MEANING: Required as a condition for something else to happen; a thing that is required as a prior condition (noun)

PRONUNCIATION: pree-rek-wuh-zit

SYNONYMS: Requirement, Necessity, Precondition, Must, Essential, Imperative

1. Passing the test is a prerequisite for the advanced class.
2. Experience is a prerequisite for the job.
3. Attendance is a prerequisite for passing the course.
4. A bachelor’s degree is a prerequisite for admission to the program.

WORD-4: Resonate

CONTEXT: the issue may not resonate as widely today among the EBCs, many of whom see English as a vehicle for upward social and economic mobility.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Resonate is like when someone tells a story that makes you feel happy or sad because it reminds you of something in your life. It means something that has a special meaning or importance for you.

MEANING: To produce or be filled with a deep, full, reverberating sound; to have particular significance or importance for someone (verb)

PRONUNCIATION: rez-uh-nayt

SYNONYMS: Echo, Reverberate, Ring, Strike a Chord, Vibrate, Relate

1. The music resonated through the hall.
2. Her speech resonated with the young audience.
3. The story resonated with his own experiences.
4. The message resonated among the community.


WORD-5: Harbouring

CONTEXT: Many JD(U) leaders have projected their party chief as a prospective convener of the Opposition alliance and its prime ministerial candidate, even as Mr. Kumar has denied harbouring such ambitions.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Harbouring is like when you keep a secret thought or feeling inside you, like if you’re feeling sad but don’t tell anyone. It means to keep thoughts or feelings, especially negative ones, in your mind for a long time.

MEANING: To keep (thoughts or feelings, often negative ones) in one’s mind, especially secretly (verb)

PRONUNCIATION: har-buh-ring

SYNONYMS: Sheltering, Concealing, Hiding, Nursing, Entertaining, Fostering

1. She was harbouring a grudge against him.
2. He harboured doubts about the decision.
3. They were found guilty of harbouring a criminal.
4. She had been harbouring feelings of guilt.

WORD-6: Stymied

CONTEXT: One poor session of play or an issue with left-arm pace bowling or defensive cricket or improper team balance or a combination of some of these has stymied them.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Stymied is like when you’re trying to build a tower with blocks, but you can’t find the right piece to put on top. It means being stopped or having a lot of difficulty doing something because of a problem.

MEANING: Prevented or hindered from achieving a goal; obstructed in progress (verb)


SYNONYMS: Blocked, Thwarted, Hindered, Impeded, Obstructed, Frustrated

1. Their plans were stymied by lack of funds.
2. He felt stymied in his career.
3. The bad weather stymied the construction work.
4. She was stymied by the complex instructions.


WORD-7: Centurion

CONTEXT: They had won two successive series in Australia, were led by the aggressive Kohli, had a bowling attack spearheaded by Jasprit Bumrah, and began by winning the opening Test at Centurion despite losing a day to rain.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: A centurion is like a captain of a group of soldiers in stories about ancient Rome. It means a leader of a unit of 100 soldiers in the Roman army.

MEANING: An officer in the ancient Roman army, in command of a century of soldiers (noun)

PRONUNCIATION: sen-tur-ee-un

SYNONYMS: Commander, Captain, Officer, Military Leader, Soldier Chief, Legionnaire Leader

1. The centurion led his men into battle.
2. Stories of the brave centurion were legendary.
3. He aspired to be a centurion in the Roman army.
4. The centurion was respected by his troops.


WORD-8: Skewed

CONTEXT: In a two-Test engagement (‘series’ is hardly appropriate for just two matches), the opening Test assumes a skewed significance.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Skewed is like when you try to draw a straight line, but it goes crooked instead. It means something that is not straight or even; it can also mean not accurate or fair.

MEANING: Made to be not straight; distorted or biased in a way that is regarded as inaccurate, unfair, or misleading (adjective)


SYNONYMS: Distorted, Slanted, Biased, Warped, Misrepresented, Twisted

1. The survey results were skewed.
2. His judgment was skewed by his emotions.
3. The report presented a skewed view of the situation.
4. The data was skewed by the small sample size.


WORD-9: Uncertainties

CONTEXT: What is apparent as 2024 dawns is that global risks and uncertainties are only likely to increase, reminding us that we are living in a time of great peril.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Uncertainties are like when you don’t know what you’ll get for your birthday. It’s about not being sure or not knowing what will happen.

MEANING: Things that are not known or certain; the state of being unsure (noun, plural)

PRONUNCIATION: un-sur-tuhn-tees

SYNONYMS: Doubts, Unknowns, Variables, Risks, Ambiguities, Insecurities

1. The uncertainties of life can be challenging.
2. She faced many uncertainties about her future.
3. The business world is full of uncertainties.
4. They discussed the uncertainties surrounding the new project.


WORD-10: Stalemated

CONTEXT: The war in Ukraine, though stalemated at present, could well become highly combustible as 2024 progresses.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Stalemated is like when you’re playing a game and nobody can win because you’re both stuck and can’t move. It means a situation where no progress can be made or no advancement is possible.

MEANING: Brought to a standstill because no progress or decision can be made; a deadlock (verb)

PRONUNCIATION: stayl-may-tid

SYNONYMS: Deadlocked, Impassed, Gridlocked, Standstilled, Dead-ended, Blocked

1. The negotiations were stalemated.
2. The game ended in a stalemated position.
3. They were stalemated in their discussions.
4. The committee was stalemated on the decision.



Vocabulary Words with Meaning

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