Daily Vocabulary from The Hindu: December 3, 2019

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1. Spree
• A spell or sustained period of unrestrained activity of a particular kind.
Usage: The president went on a tweeting and retweeting spree last night, sharing more than 100 messages.

2. Radicalisation
• Radicalization is a process by which an individual or group comes to adopt increasingly extreme political, social, or religious ideals and aspirations that reject or undermine the status quo or contemporary ideas and expressions of the nation.
Usage: Through the years their plot lines have reflected the radicalisation of the 1960s and 1970s, the blatant consumerism of the 1980s, and today’s economic and political questions.

3. Viral Suppression
• Viral Suppression means Virology Control when Anti Retroviral Therapy (ART) reduces a person’s viral load (HIV RNA) to an undetectable level. Viral Suppression is defined as, literally, suppressing or reducing the function and replication of a virus.
Usage: Viral suppression does not mean a person is cured; HIV still remains in the body.

4. Antiretroviral Therapy (ART)
• Antiretroviral Therapy is the daily use of a combination of HIV medicines (called an HIV regimen) to treat HIV infection. A person’s initial HIV regimen generally includes three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs from at least two different HIV drug classes.
Usage: Latest guidelines recommend that all people diagnosed with HIV start Antiretroviral Therapy straightaway.

5. Confluence
• Confluence means a flowing together. In a literal sense, it’s about rivers. But it’s more often used to talk about the coming together of factors or ideas, or of cultures in a diverse city.
Usage: A confluence of cultural, economic and technological changes transformed the city in the 1930s and ’40s.

6. Intrepid
• Fearless; adventurous (often used for rhetorical or humorous effect).
Usage: Her defence of Myanmar at the court was a jarring contrast to her onetime identity as an intrepid champion of human rights and democracy.

7. Complacency
• A feeling of smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one’s achievements.
Usage: Written in the 1980s, this book offers a prescient warning about human complacency towards Earth’s remaining wilderness.

8. Dissemination
• The action or fact of spreading something, especially information, widely.
Usage: Hotels reported cancelled reservations, some as far ahead as December, after the widespread dissemination of images of Venice underwater.

9. Blitz
• An intensive or sudden military attack.
Usage: When a city was blitzed, the intelligence operation was there soon afterwards listening to what people were saying on bombed streets and the state of their morale.
• A sudden concerted effort to deal with something.
Usage: Katrina and I had a blitz on the cleaning.

10. Arbitrariness
• The trait of acting unpredictably and more from whim or caprice than from reason or judgment
Usage: They want to put an end to the arbitrariness of a company that puts pressure on its employees with stressful work and controls.
• A lack of restraint in the use of authority; autocracy.
Usage: The law protects the people against the arbitrariness of those in office.

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