Daily Vocabulary from ‘The Hindu’: January 7, 2024

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Daily Vocabulary Words: List of Daily Used Words
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Our endeavour here is straightforward: highlighting important daily vocabulary words, you would encounter in The Hindu. This is your repository of commonly used words; essentially, we are posting a list of daily used words. Hence, this has significant practical application as it teaches you words that are commonly used in a leading publication such as The Hindu.
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WORD-1: Inclusiveness

CONTEXT: The intervention strategies for promoting inclusiveness and equities for different sets of people need to different.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine you’re having a party and you invite everyone in your class, so no one feels left out. That’s being inclusive. Inclusiveness means making sure everyone feels welcome and is included, no matter how different they are.

MEANING: The practice of including all types of people and treating them all fairly and equally (noun).


SYNONYMS: Acceptance, Openness, Tolerance, Diversity, Equity, Welcoming, Unity

1. The school’s inclusiveness policy ensures students from all backgrounds are treated equally.
2. A company’s inclusiveness can be seen in how diverse its staff is.
3. Inclusiveness in a team helps everyone feel valued and respected.
4. Celebrating different cultures at the festival is a great example of inclusiveness.

WORD-2: Incarcerate

CONTEXT: We coded the attacks on a scale where a high level of attack has occurred on organisations that have not only run out of funds but also whose leaders have either been sent to prison or have charges that can potentially incarcerate them.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: If someone does something really bad, like stealing, they might be put in jail. This is called incarcerating. It’s like a time-out for grown-ups, but it lasts longer and happens in jail.

MEANING: To put someone in prison as punishment for a crime (verb).


SYNONYMS: Imprison, Jail, Lock up, Detain, Confine, Encage, Intern

1. The judge decided to incarcerate the thief for six months.
2. After the trial, the criminal was incarcerated.
3. Laws are in place to incarcerate people who break them.
4. The new policy aims to incarcerate fewer people for minor offenses.

WORD-3: Intimidated

CONTEXT: Apart from the FCRA provisions, foreign donors are also intimidated by a Prior Reference Category List of around 80 internationally reputed donors who are monitored and intimidated for pursuing any human rights related causes.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Imagine feeling scared to talk or act because someone is being really mean or strong. That’s feeling intimidated. It’s like being afraid to answer a question in class because you’re scared of getting it wrong.

MEANING: Feeling frightened or nervous because of a threatening situation or person (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Frightened, Scared, Bullied, Daunted, Overawed, Terrified, Alarmed

1. She felt intimidated by the bigger kids at the playground.
2. The loud noise in the dark alley left him feeling intimidated.
3. During the meeting, the new employees were intimidated by their boss’s strict rules.
4. Intimidated by the difficult test, the students were nervous.


WORD-4: Abrasive

CONTEXT: They provide answers that help us understand their motivations, opinions on controversial issues, and future plans, but sometimes they can be abrasive, evasive, or maintain a stony silence.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: If something is rough and can scratch, like sandpaper, it’s abrasive. It can also mean someone who speaks or acts in a harsh, unkind way, like saying mean things without caring about others’ feelings.

MEANING: Rough and harsh in texture, or being harsh and rude in behavior or speech (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Harsh, Rough, Grating, Coarse, Scratchy, Rude, Crude

1. The abrasive cleaner scratched the surface of the table.
2. His abrasive manner made it difficult to work with him.
3. The teacher’s abrasive comments upset the students.
4. Sandpaper is an abrasive material used in carpentry.

WORD-5: Evasive

CONTEXT: They provide answers that help us understand their motivations, opinions on controversial issues, and future plans, but sometimes they can be abrasive, evasive, or maintain a stony silence.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: When you don’t want to answer a question directly, like when asked if you ate the last cookie and you talk about something else instead, that’s being evasive. It’s like dodging the question or being a bit tricky.

MEANING: Avoiding giving a clear or direct answer to a question, often in order to hide the truth (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Elusive, Dodgy, Slippery, Vague, Shifty, Sneaky, Tricky

1. The politician’s evasive answers frustrated the interviewers.
2. He gave an evasive reply to avoid telling the truth.
3. Her evasive behavior made her parents suspicious.
4. The witness was evasive during the questioning.


WORD-6: Iniquitous

CONTEXT: Not only has it impacted climate change but has also created spatial and temporal changes such as massive land use, building typologies, iniquitous cities, duality, informality, crisis of pollution, housing, water and sanitation challenges, and some of the most unequal city spaces.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Iniquitous is like when someone does something very wrong and unfair, like cheating in a game. It’s a big word for being really unfair or bad.

MEANING: Extremely unfair, immoral, or wicked (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Unjust, Wicked, Evil, Sinful, Corrupt, Immoral, Dishonest

1. The iniquitous law was protested by many people.
2. His iniquitous behavior caused trouble for everyone.
3. The judge condemned the iniquitous actions of the criminal.
4. There was an iniquitous distribution of food in the camp.


WORD-7: Unravelling

CONTEXT: The Nehruvian period lasted for almost three decades and began unravelling in the late 1980s.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Unravelling is like when a sweater gets a loose thread and it starts to come undone. It can also mean solving a mystery, like figuring out a puzzle.

MEANING: Coming apart or being solved, especially for complex situations or mysteries (verb).


SYNONYMS: Untangling, Solving, Unfolding, Clarifying, Disentangling, Resolving, Deciphering

1. The mystery was unravelling as they found more clues.
2. Her knitting started unravelling when she dropped a stitch.
3. The plot of the story began unravelling towards the end.
4. The detective spent hours unravelling the complex case.


WORD-8: Prudent

CONTEXT: The concerns on debt sustainability can be construed as a call for more prudent management of debt in the medium term.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Being prudent is like thinking carefully before you do something. It’s like looking both ways before you cross the street, so you stay safe. It means being smart and careful about your choices.

MEANING: Acting with or showing care and thought for the future (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Wise, Careful, Cautious, Sensible, Judicious, Thoughtful, Discreet

1. It is prudent to save money for emergencies.
2. The prudent student studied well in advance for the exam.
3. Making a budget is a prudent decision.
4. She made a prudent choice by avoiding the risky investment.


WORD-9: Devaluations

CONTEXT: The weight of debt can act as a drag on development due to limited access to financing, rising borrowing costs, currency devaluations, and sluggish growth.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Devaluations is like when your piggy bank money becomes worth less than before. It’s like if you could buy ten candies with one dollar, but now you can only buy five. The value of the money went down.

MEANING: Reductions in the value of something, especially a country’s money (noun).

PRONUNCIATION: dee-val-yoo-AY-shuns

SYNONYMS: Depreciations, Downgrades, Reductions, Lowerings, Declines, Diminishments, Decreases

1. The devaluations of the currency made imports more expensive.
2. Economic problems led to frequent devaluations of their money.
3. Devaluations can affect how much you can buy with your money.
4. The company faced devaluations in its stock value.

WORD-10: Sluggish

CONTEXT: The weight of debt can act as a drag on development due to limited access to financing, rising borrowing costs, currency devaluations, and sluggish growth.

SOURCE: The Hindu

EXPLANATORY PARAGRAPH: Sluggish is like feeling really slow and not having much energy, like how you feel when you’re really tired and don’t want to move. It’s like a turtle moving slowly.

MEANING: Lacking energy or moving slowly (adjective).


SYNONYMS: Slow, Lethargic, Inactive, Lazy, Torpid, Sluggard, Drowsy

1. He felt sluggish after eating a big lunch.
2. The sluggish computer was frustrating to use.
3. Her movements were sluggish in the early morning.
4. The economy was growing at a sluggish pace.



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